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江苏省扬州市2013届高三下学期5月考前适应性考试英语试卷


江苏省扬州市 2013 届高三下学期 5 月考前适应性考试
英 语 试 卷
本试卷分五部分。满分 120 分。考试时间 120 分钟。

第Ⅰ 卷(共 85 分)
第一部分: 听力 (共两节,满分 20 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. How many children are there in the classroom? A. Seven. B. Five. C. Twelve. 2. Where is the man’s bike now? A. Under the stairs. B. At the gate. C. In the garden. 3. Why won’t the woman go to town tomorrow? A. Because it will rain. B. Because it will be too hot. C. Because it will be too cold. 4. What does the woman suggest? A. They don’t have to go to the concert. B. They’ll have to rent a car as early as possible. C. The subway is fine with her. 5. Where does this conversation take place? A. At a restaurant. B. At the theatre. C. At the station. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个 小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各个小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两 遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6~8 题。 6. Where does the woman want to go? A. The post office. B. The cinema. C.A park. 7. Who can answer the woman’s question? A. The man with a beard. B. The man with a mustache. C. The man with a bottle of beer. 8. Where is the man standing? A. By the post office. B. By the lamp-post. C. By the mail box.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 9~11 题。 9. What did Mary ask John to do? A. To help her. B. To look for their baby. C. To do some washing. 10. Where is the baby? A. In the sitting-room. B. In the kitchen. C. In the washroom. 11. What is the baby doing? A. He is playing games. B. He is brushing his teeth. C. He is brushing his shoes. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 12~14 题。 12. Who are the two speakers? A. A conductor and a conductress. B. A reporter and a conductress. C. The organizer of the race and a participant. 13. When dose the dialogue take place? A. A day before the race. B. Right after the race. C. A day after the race. 14. How long has she been cycling? A. 17 years. B. 18 years. C.19 years. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 15~17 题。 15. Where was George yesterday? A. At his usual place. B. In the newspaper office. C. At home. 16. Why did the woman call George? A. To ask him to a concert. B. To go on a holiday with him. C. To invite him to dinner at home. 17. Where did George see Mary? A. At the office. B. At the concert. C. In his sister’s home. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 18~20 题。 18. What did Hemingway do? A. He was a writer. B. He was a soldier. C. He was a doctor. 19. When was Hemingway wounded? A. During the Second World War. B. During the First World War. C. Between the two world wars. 20. What life do you think. Hemingway led all his life? A.A hard life. B. An active life. C. A poor life. 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。

21. A yellow taxi _______ alongside a truck at the traffic lights when an elderly woman was crossing the road. A. brought up B. took up C. pulled up D. put up 22. The opening between walls was very narrow; it’s very hard for soldiers to _______ through. A. squeeze B. press C. stretch D. leap 23. Many firms give away small quantities of their productions as _______ so that people can try them before buying. A. signs B. signals C. examples D. samples 24. When the post fell _______, Dennis Bass was appointed to fill it. A. empty B. blank C. vacant D. bare 25. Look, _______ fashionable clothes is he wearing that all the eyes are fixed on him! A. so B. what C. how D. such 26. --- Why on earth didn’t you answer the door? --- I’m terribly sorry, but the telephone _______, too. A. is ringing B. was ringing C. rang D. was about to ring 27. --- Ann looks hot and dry. --- So _______ you if you had a high fever. A. do B. are C. will D. would 28. Walter offered us a lift when he was leaving the office, but our work _______, we refused his offer. A. not finishing B. had not been finished C. not having finished D. not finished 29. On stepping into the room this morning, I was astonished to find the floor covered with _______ looked like tiny insects. A. that B. what C. where D. when 30. ---How much do you have in your pocket? ---150 yuan, all of _______ came from my grandma. A. which B. them C. it D. that 31. --- Did your father come back early last night? --- Yes. It was not yet eight o’clock _______ he arrived home. A. before B. when C. that D. until 32. --- Which hotel did you stay in last week? --- Well, just the one _______ I think you once met Ge You and his family. A. that B. which C. where D. as 33. _______, I think, and the problem could be settled, A. If you don’t doubt your efforts B. So long as you keep up your spirits C. Making great efforts D. A bit more efforts 34. The lecture mainly deals with the trouble young children have _______ right from wrong.

A. distinguished

B. distinguishing

C. to distinguish

D. to be distinguished

35. --- The film we saw last week is very romantic. --- _______. I didn’t think it romantic at all. A. With all due respect C. As predicted B. I beg to differ D. I can’t agree with you more

第二节 完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 New genetic analysis has revealed that many Amazon tree species are likely to survive human-made climate warming in the coming century, contrary to previous findings that temperature increases would cause them to die out. A study, 36 in the latest edition of Ecology and Evolution, reveals the 37 age of some Amazonian tree species -- more than 8 million years -- and 38 shows that they have survived previous periods as warm as many of the global warming imagined periods 39 for the year 2100. The authors write that, having survived warm periods in the past, the trees will 40 survive future warming, provided there are no other major environmental changes. 41 extreme droughts and forest fires will impact Amazonia as temperatures 42 , the trees will stand the direct impact of higher temperatures. The authors 43 that as well as reducing greenhouse gas emissions to minimize the risk of drought and fire, conservation policy should remain 44 on preventing deforestation(采伐森林)for agriculture and mining. The study disagrees with other recent researches which predicted tree species’ extinctions 45 relatively small increases in global average air temperatures. Study co-author Dr Simon Lewis (UCL Geography) said the 46 were good news for Amazon tree species, but warned that drought and over-exploitation of the forest remained major 47 to the Amazon’s future. Dr Lewis said: ―The past cannot be compared directly with the future. while tree species seem likely to 48 higher air temperatures than today, the Amazon forest is being transformed for agriculture and 49 , and what remains is being degraded by logging, and increasingly split up by fields and roads. ―Species will not move as freely in today’s Amazon as they did in previous warm periods, when there was no human 50 . Similarly, today’s climate change is extremely fast, making comparisons with slower changes in the past 51 .‖ ―With a clearer 52 of the relative risks to the Amazon forest, we 53 that direct human impacts -- such as forest clearances for agriculture or mining -- should remain a key point of conservation policy. We also need more aggressive 54 to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to make minimum the risk of drought and fire impacts and 55 the future of most Amazon tree species.‖ 36. A. advertised B. described C. published D. presented

37. A. frightening 38. A. still 39. A. assess 40. A. particularly 41. A. Since 42. A. rise 43. A. consider 44. A. based 45. A. in relation to 46. A. findings 47. A. threats 48. A. accept 49. A. farming 50. A. power 51. A. difficult 52. A. belief 53. A. doubt 54. A. thought 55. A. secure

B. surprising B. nevertheless B. confirm B. probably B. Although B. change B. decide B. built B. in response to B. thoughts B. disadvantages B. tolerate B. planting B. influence B. clear B. direction B. conclude B. guidance B. advance

C. exciting C. however C. forecast C. merely C. When C. drop C. guarantee C. focused C. in reply to C. inventions C. embarrassments C. permit C. catering C. desire C. easy C. understanding C. calculate C. protection C. sacrifice

D. interesting D. therefore D. promise D. possibly D. If D. end D. recommend D. made D. in reference to D. writings D. instructions D. Require D. mining D. violence D. important D. suggestion D. prefer D. action D. evaluate

第三部分:阅读理解 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 (共 15 小题;每 小题 2 分,满分 30 分) A HARVARD UNIVERSITY

Office of Admissions Financial Aid Our goal in admissions and financial aid is clear: We want to bring the best people to Harvard, regardless of their ability to pay — and we do. About 70 percent of our students receive some form of aid, with over 60 percent receiving need–based scholarships. Two principles guide us: ? Admission to Harvard is need-blind, by which we mean that financial need is not a barrier to admission. International students have the same access to financial aid as United States citizens. ? Financial aid at Harvard is entirely need–based and we are committed to meeting the demonstrated need of all students. Students apply for aid annually and every year we review our financial aid program, considering such things as any changed student or family circumstances, university resources, and demand.

Removing Economic Barriers In the past decade we have increased financial aid for low and middle income families by over 180%. No contribution is expected from parents with incomes under $65,000. Beginning with the class of 2016, those parents with annual incomes between $65,000 and $150,000 are asked to contribute from zero to ten percent of their income. Some families with incomes above $150,000 still qualify for aid. Families at all incomes who have significant assets (资产) will continue to pay more than those in less fortunate circumstances. Students are also asked to contribute to the cost of their education through term-time and summer work. Families with higher incomes facing unusual financial challenges may also qualify for need–based scholarship assistance, yet those with significant assets at all income levels are asked to contribute proportionately(成比例的)more. Our financial aid program includes an array of financing options beyond our need–based scholarship program, such as a parent monthly payment plan, various loan programs and the opportunity to pre–pay tuition for four years at a student’s freshman year rate. There are also other forms of financial assistance such as the Faculty Aide Program, the Harvard College Research Program and the Dean’s Summer Research Program that enable students to create paid partnerships with teachers on academic projects of mutual interest. Over two-thirds of Harvard students choose to work during their time in Cambridge and gain valuable job experience working in a wide array of University settings, including our libraries, dining halls, museums and academic departments. We hope you will visit our websites for a fuller description of our comprehensive program of financial assistance. 56. Admission to Harvard is need-blind in that _______. A. Harvard does take into account students’ economic situations B. Students’ ability to pay does not affect their admissions to Harvard C. Students need to pay big money to Harvard after they are admitted D. The majority of students in Harvard do not need financial aids 57. Based on the requirements above, we can learn that _______. A. parents with annual incomes of over $ 150,000 needn’t contribute B. financial aids are not intended for families with higher incomes C. wealthier families are expected to contribute more to Harvard D. students are not encouraged to pay the cost of their education 58. In what way can students get financial assistance from Harvard? A. Students can be offered paid-work opportunities outside Harvard. B. Students can have opportunities to get loans for their education. C. Students can pay for their education in Harvard within one month. D. Students earn money by assisting teachers in Cambridge University. B

Researchers at Sweden’s KTH Royal Institute of Technology say they have found further proof that the wolf ancestors of today’s dogs can be from southern East Asia -- findings that are contrary to theories placing the birth place in the Middle East. Dr Peter Savolainen, KTH researcher in evolutionary genetics, says a new study released Nov. 23 confirms that an Asian region south of the Yangtze River was the principal and probably the only region where wolves were domesticated(驯化)by humans. Research data show clearly that dogs are descended from wolves, but there’s never been scientific agreement on where in the world the domestication process began. ―Our analysis of Y-chromosomal 染色体) ( DNA now confirms that wolves were first domesticated in Asia south of Yangtze River -- we call it the ASY region -- in southern China or Southeast Asia,‖ Savolainen says. The Y data supports previous evidence from mitochondrial (线粒体) DNA. ―Taken together, the two studies provide very strong evidence that dogs appeared first in the ASY region,‖ Savolainen says. Archaeological data and a genetic study recently published in Nature suggest that dogs originate from the Middle East. But Savolainen rejects that view. ―Because none of these studies included samples from the ASY region, evidence from ASY has been overlooked,‖ he says. Peter Savolainen and PhD student Mattias Oskarsson worked with Chinese colleagues to analyse DNA from male dogs around the world. Their study was published in the scientific journal Heredity. Approximately half of the gene pool was universally shared everywhere in the world, while only the ASY region had the entire range of genetic diversity. ―This shows that gene pools in all other regions of the world most probably originate from the ASY region,‖ Savolainen says. ―Our results confirm that Asia south of the Yangtze River was the most important -- and probably the only -- region for wolf domestication, and that a large number of wolves were domesticated,‖ says Savolainen. In separate research published recently in Ecology and Evolution, Savolainen, PhD student Arman Ardalan and Iranian and Turkish scientists conducted a comprehensive study of mitochondrial DNA, with a particular focus on the Middle East. Because mitochondrial DNA is inherited only from the mother in most species, it is especially useful in studying evolutionary relationships. ―Since other studies have indicated that wolves were domesticated in the Middle East, we wanted to be sure nothing had been missed. We find no signs whatsoever that dogs originated there,‖ says Savolainen. In their studies, the researchers also found minor genetic contributions from crossbreeding between dogs and wolves in other geographic regions, including the Middle East. ―This subsequent dog/wolf hybridisation (混合淡化技术) contributed only modestly to the dog gene pool,‖ Savolainen explains. 59. What does Dr. Peter Savolainen believe?

A. Dogs’ ancestors came from the Middle East. B. Wolves were probably first trained to work for humans in the ASY region. C. Analysis of Y-chromosomal DNA should be combined with mitochondrial DNA. D. Samples of the previous studies are enough to support the conclusion. 60. We can learn from the passage that _______. A. there is a universal agreement on the place of first domestication B. data from ASY may highlight where dogs came from C. Dr. Savolainen’s research mainly focuses on the Middle East D. the dog/wolf hybridization makes up most of the dog gene pool 61. What is special about mitochondrial DNA? A. It is only used in studying evolutionary relationships. B. It alone can provide hard evidence for Savolainen’s research. C. It is the most useful in finding out the birth place of dogs. D. It comes from the mother of most animals and plants. C A new report said scientists may not be far from giving apes the ability to think and talk like humans. The report is about experiments which transplant human cells into animals for medical purposes. It claimed that concerns about the creation of talking apes should be taken seriously. It should also draw people’s attention to the possibility that the medical research about creating ―humanised‖ animals is going to generate monsters. A regulatory(监管的)body is needed to closely monitor any experiments that many risk creating animals with human-like consciousness or giving them any appearance or behavioural traits that too closely resemble humans, the report said. Scientists would, for example, be prevented from replacing a large number of an ape’s brain cells with human brain cells until more is known about the potential risks. This has already been done in simpler animals like mice, which is judged to be less risky. Under the new UK guidelines, the power to regulate tests on animals containing human material would be transferred to a body with wider responsibility for animal testing in the Home Office. While there is no risk from experiments currently being carried out in Britain, it is possible that ethical (道德的) boundaries could be crossed within the next few years if scientists are not careful, the experts said. Professor Thomas Baldwin, a member of the Academy of Medical Sciences working group that produced the report, said the possibility of humanised apes should be taken seriously. He said, ―The fear is that if you start putting very large numbers of human brain cells into the brains of primates(灵长类动物)you might transform the primates into something that has some of the abilities that we regard as distinctly human, such as speech, or other ways of being able to manipulate or relate to us.‖

Professor Martin Bobrow, chair of the academy working group that produced the report, said, ―The very great majority of experiments present no issues beyond the general use of animals in research and these should continue to proceed under the current regulations.‖ Lord Willis, chair of the Association of Medical Research Charities, said, ―AMRC only supports research that is absolutely necessary and where no suitable alternative methods are available.‖ 62. What is the passage mainly about? A. Ethical rules to limit humanised animals. B. The potential results of humanised apes. C. The possibility of humanised animals. D. The danger of human-like animals. 63. The underlined word ―manipulate‖ in the passage probably means ―_______‖. A. appeal B. possess C. control D. associate 64. Which of the following statements might Professor Thomas Baldwin agree with? A. It is necessary to do some experiments about humanised animals. B. Experiments about humanised animals should be done within the law. C. It would be dangerous to do experiments about humanised animals. D. It is urgent to ban experiment about humanised animals. 65. It can be inferred that _______. A. people should be careful when creating talking apes B. Thomas Baldwin and Lord Willis are from the same organization C. creating humanised animals is difficult in Britain now D. scientists must be cautious not to cross ethical boundaries D I got your letter and was glad to find that you had not forgotten Jourdon, and that you wanted me to come back and live with you again in Tennessee, promising to do better for me than anybody else can. Although you shot at me twice before I left you, I did not want to hear of your being hurt. It would do me good to go back to the dear old home again and see Allen, Esther, Green, and Lee. Give my love to them all, and tell them I hope we will meet in the better world, if not in this. I want to know particularly what the good chance is you propose to give me. I am doing tolerably well here in Ohio. I get twenty-five dollars a month, with food and clothing; have a comfortable home for Mandy, the folks call her Mrs. Anderson; and the children—Milly, Jane, and Grundy—go to school and are learning well. The teacher says Grundy has a head for a preacher. We are kindly treated. Now, if you will write and say what wages you will give me, I will be better able to decide whether it would be to my advantage to move back again. We have concluded to test your sincerity by asking you to send us our wages for the time we served you. This will make us forget and forgive old scores and rely on your justice and friendship in the future. I served you

faithfully for thirty-two years, and Mandy twenty years. At twenty-five dollars a month for me, and two dollars a week for Mandy, our earnings would amount to eleven thousand six hundred and eighty dollars. Add to this the interest for the time our wages have been kept back, and deduct 扣除) ( what you paid for our clothing, and three doctor’s visits to me, and pulling a tooth for Mandy. If you fail to pay us for faithful labors in the past, we can have little faith in your promises in the future. In answering this letter, please state if there would be any safety for my Milly and Jane, who are now grown up, and both good-looking girls. I would rather stay here and starve—and die, if it should come to that—than have my girls brought to shame by the violence and wickedness of their young Masters. You will also please state if there has been any schools opened for the colored children in your neighborhood. The great desire of my life now is to give my children an education and have them form virtuous habits. Say howdy to George Carter, and thank him for taking the pistol from you when you were shooting at me. 66. According to the passage, the letter was written by Jourdon to his former _______. A. friend B. master C. neighbor D. relative 67. Which of the following is RIGHT according to the passage? A. The family name of this letter writer is Anderson. B. The writer is paid the same as he was in Tennessee. C. The writer will certainly get at least 11,680 dollars. D. Safety rather than education weighs a lot to the writer. 68. The writer’s description of his present situation implies that _______. A. he shows his intention of going back in Tennessee B. he is somewhat richer and does not need to go back C. his life is relatively good but still needs improvement D. he is not a little satisfied with his present life in Ohio 69. The purpose of the writer’s asking for his pay back is _______. A. to show he needs that amount of money urgently B. to show he is determined to get what he deserved C. to test whether the letter receiver is worthy of trust D. to tell the letter receiver he still has faith in him 70. From the passage, we can see the writer is very _______. A. wise B. stupid C. greedy D. generous

第Ⅱ 卷(共 35 分)
第四部分:任务型阅读(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在文后第 71 至第 80 小题的空格里填上适当的单词。 注意:每空 1 个单词。 Born to Win

Each human being is born as something unique, something that never existed before. Each person is born with what he needs to win at life. A normal person can see, hear, touch, taste, and think for himself. Each has his own unique potentials---his capabilities and limitations. Each can be an important, thinking, aware, and creatively productive person in his own right---a winner. The words "winner" and "loser" have many meanings. When we refer to a person as a winner, we do not mean one who defeats the other person by dominating and making him lose. Instead a winner is one who responds honestly by being trustworthy and responsive, both as an individual and as a member of a society. A loser is one who fails to respond honestly. A winner is not afraid to do his own thinking and to use his own knowledge. He can separate facts from opinion and doesn’t pretend to have all the answers. He listens to others, evaluates what they say, but comes to his own conclusions. A winner is flexible. He does not have to respond in known, rigid ways. He can change his plans when the situation calls for it. A winner has a love for life. He enjoys work, play, food, other people, and the world of nature. Without guilt he enjoys his own accomplishments. Without envy he enjoys the accomplishments of others. A winner cares about the world and its people. He is not separated from the general problems of society. He tries to improve the quality of life. Even in the face of national and international difficulty, he does not see himself as helpless. He does what he can to make the world a better place. Although people are born to win, they are also born totally dependent on their environment. Winners successfully make the change from dependence to independence, losers do not. Somewhere along the line losers begin to avoid becoming independent. This usually begins in childhood. Poor nutrition, cruelty, unhappy relationships, disease, continuing disappointments, and inadequate physical care are among the many experiences that contribute to making people losers. A loser is held back by his low capacity to appropriately express himself through a full range of possible behavior. He may be unaware of other choices for his life if the path he chooses goes nowhere. He is afraid to try new things. He repeats not only his own mistakes and often repeats those of his family and culture. w W w .X k b 1.c O A loser has difficulty giving and receiving love. He does not enter into close, honest, direct relationships with others. Instead, he tries to manipulate them into living up to his expectations and channels his energies into living up to their expectations.

Born to win

Each person has his own 71. _______ qualities to be a winner. Each human being is born to be a winner. Being a winner does not mean winning a 72. _______ over the others. An honest 73. _______ makes the difference between a winner and a loser.

A winner tends to think 74. _______. A winner 75. _______ to situations easily. Everyone’s accomplishment can bring him 76.________. A winner 77. _______ himself to improving the life of all people. Environments 78.__________ losers greatly due to their unfortunate childhood. Each human being is born to be a winner. A loser 79. _______ the ability to find new ways and repeats mistakes. A loser is poor in 80. _______ love with others.

Each human being is born to be a winner.

第五部分:书面表达(满分 25 分) 社会弱势群体一般具有四个特征:1、无职 或低职;2、贫困;3、软弱可欺;4、常被忽视。 请根据所提供文字及图片提示给某英文报 写一篇短文, 分析弱势群体构成, 描述该群体生 存现状, 简要分析原因, 并提出建议号召社会关 注这个群体。 注意:1. 仔细品味所提供文字和图片,不要作

简单描述。 2. 词数 150 左右。开头已经写好,不计入总词数。 3. 作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。 Let’s care for the disadvantaged As is frequently seen in our daily life,......________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________

英 语答案
1-5 CABCA 6-10 BABBC 11-15 CBBAC 16-20 ABABB 21-25 CADCD 26-30 BDDBA 31-35 BCDBB 36-40 CBDCB 41-45 BADCB 46-50 AABDB 51-55 ACBDA 56-60 BCBBB 61-65 DACCD 66-70 BADCA 36. C。publish 为发表之意,其他意思不符合。 37. B。一些树种并未随气温的升高而灭绝,因此超高的树龄令人惊讶。 38. D。该空所表明的事实是以前面的树龄为依据的,所以是“因此”的意思。 39. C。2100 是将来的时间,预测符合意思。 40. B。亚马逊的树曾经在高温气候中生存下来,所以将来也很有可能升高的气候。 41. B。Although 引导让步状语。 42. A。气温的升高。X|k |B | 1 . c |O |m 43. D。recommend 此处是建议的意思,后面的 should 表明这一层意思。 44. C。防止采伐森林是保护政策的中心。 45. B。先前的观点认为树种灭绝是对相对小幅气温升高的反应。 46. A。最新研究的发现。 47. A。过度采伐威胁亚马逊的未来。 48. B。耐高温之意。 49. D。农业和矿业,A、B 与 agriculture 同一范畴,C 毫不相干;最后一段有提示。 50. B。没有人类影响,物种移动更为自由。 51. A。今天的气温升高速度远远快于以前,因此难以与过去相对比。 52. C。更为清楚的了解亚马逊森林面临的风险。 53. B。得出的结论。 54. D。积极的行动和措施。 55. A. 保护,使?安全。 阅读 A 56. B。 第二段: Admission to Harvard is need-blind, by which we mean that financial need is not a barrier to admission. 哈佛不会因为学生的经济状况而考虑是否录取学生。 57. C。倒数第三段“… yet those with significant assets at all income levels are asked to contribute proportionately more.‖收入高的家庭捐赠的比例也相应提高。 58. B。倒数第二段 ―…various loan programs and the opportunity to pre–pay tuition for four

years at a student's freshman year rate.‖学生可获取贷款。 阅读 B 59. B。第一段―an Asian region south of the Yangtze River was the principal and probably the only region where wolves were domesticated by humans‖ 60. B。第六段可知。新课 标第 一 网 61. D。 第八段―Because mitochondrial DNA is inherited only from the mother in most species, it is especially useful in studying evolutionary relationships.‖ 阅读 C 62. A。通读文章可知,作者在强调了 humanised animals 可能超越人类道德底线,并在文章 后半部分通过专家的观点指出要通过现行的建立在道德底线基础上的规章制度来约束。 63. C。 划线单词段落强调该行为所带来的不良后果即控制 (control) 人类或产生紧密关系。 64. C。根据文章倒数第三段内容可知。 65. D。从全文可知 creating humanised animals 现在不存在技术问题只是会超越伦理底线, 故排除 AC。 阅读 D 66. B。第一段―you wanted me to come back and live with you again in Tennessee, promising to do better for me than anybody else can.‖和最后一段第四行― ……of their young Masters‖。 67. A。 第四段第四行的 Mrs. Anderson 可知 A 为正确答案。 说的钱数是样, B 但在 Tennessee 根本未兑现, 不能称之为 is paid ; 中用 certainly 是错的; 项 Safety rather than education C D 中的 rather than 是错的,因为在作者心目中两者都重要。 68. D。整篇文章表明作者对他现在的生活状况非常满意,D 选项中的 not a little 是非常的 意思。 69. C。倒数第三段的最后一句可知。 70. A。文章中作者拒绝以前奴隶主让他回去为其效命的要求有礼有节,可见其明智。 71. unique/special 72. victory 73. response 74.independently 75. adapts/adjusts 76. happiness/pleasure/delight/enjoyment 77. devotes 78. affect/influence/impact 79. lacks 80.sharing Possible version: 新课 标第 一 网 As is frequently seen in our daily life, the disadvantaged exist in every corner. They are a threat to the construction of a harmonious society, causing growing concern from all. As the term is defined, those who lack abilities to make a living, like the disabled, the old, the poor etc, make up the disadvantaged. There is no difficulty analyzing the common problems they share. As they are disadvantaged, without doubt, job hunting becomes a headache, which worsens their life or even makes it in despair. Naturally, poverty follows and they are sometimes bullied. Even if some can do certain jobs, as long as they belong to the disadvantaged, they are easily ignored. Governments should certainly take the major responsibility for caring for those

disadvantaged. Daily necessities like food and shelters should be provided for their recent survival as well as constructing hospitals and schools to ensure their future. We students should always have a kind heart towards them. What you do may seem little to yourself, but it surely makes a difference to the disadvantaged. 书面表达评分标准 一、评分原则: 1.本题总分为 25 分,按 5 个档次给分。 2.评分时, 先根据文章的内容和语言 (内容要点、 应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、 上下文的连贯性、及语言的得体性)初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量, 确定或调整档次,最后给分。如果没有一定数量的较复杂结构或较高级词汇,通篇文章句 型单调、无关联词、文章欠流畅、时态错误太多,降档处理。 3.词数少于 130 和多于 170 的,从总分中减去 2 分。用笔:铅笔、红笔答题一律零分。 4. 书面表达内容要点:按以下要点内容扣分(缺失其中一块,文章为三档及以下) : 1)开头铺垫描述(4 分) 。 2)弱势群体构成(4 分) ,生存现状(5 分) ,原因(5 分) 。 3)建议和号召社会关注(7 分) 。 5. 拼写与标点符号:是语言正确性的一个方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予 以考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。相同错误只扣分一次。 6、大错:句子结构、时态、语态、句子缺谓语动词等为大错,每个大错扣 1 分。小错: 介词、冠词、单词拼写、大小写、标点符号等为小错,每个小错扣半分。 7. 如书写较差,以至影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。投机:开头一段和最后一段切题, 中间部分从阅读理解中抄一段判零分。 8、如层次不清,写作没分段,从总分中减去 2 分。 二. 各档次的给分范围和要求 第五档(很好)(21-25 分)完全完成了试题规定的任务。 : ★覆盖所有内容要点。 ★应用较多的语法结构和词汇。 ★语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致;具备 较强的语言运用能力。 ★有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。 ★完全达到了预期的写作目的 第四档(好)(16-20 分)完全完成了试题规定的任务。 : ★虽漏掉了一两个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容。 ★应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ★语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确,些许错误主要是因为尝试复杂语法结构或词汇所 致。 ★应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。 ★达到了预期的写作目的

第三档: (一般) (10-15 分)基本完成了试题规定的任务。 ★虽然漏掉一些内容,但覆盖所有的主要内容 ★应用的语法结构或词汇能满足任务的要求 ★有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解 ★应用简单的语句间连接成分,使全文内容连贯 ★整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作目的 第二档: (差) (5-10 分)未恰当完成试题规定的任务 ★漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些无关内容 ★语法结构单调,词汇项目有限 ★有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解 ★较少使用语句间的连接成分,内容缺少连贯性 ★信息未能清楚的传递给读者 第一档(很差)(0-5 分)未能完成了试题规定的任务。 : ★明显遗漏主要内容要点,写了一些无关内容,原因可能是未能理解试题要求。 ★语法结构简单、词汇项目有限。 ★较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解。 ★缺乏语句间的连接成分,内容不连贯。 ★信息未能传达给读者 录音原文 第一节 现在你有 5 秒钟的时间,阅读第一小题的有关内容。 1.W: Are there any children in the classroom? M: Yes, seven are reading at their desks and five are playing on the floor 2. M: I had my bike repaired; last night I put it at the gate, hut I can't find it now. W: It was in my way when I went to the garden. so I put it under the stairs and it's still there. 3. M: Do you want to go to town with me if it doesn't rain tomorrow? W: No, I don't think so. It will be too hot outside. 4. M: I'd like to drive to the concert, but my brother will use the car tonight. W: Who needs a car? We can take the subway if we go a little earlier. 5. M: How about my food? I've been sitting here for almost half an hour. W: I'm sorry, sir. It must be ready by now. 第一节到此结束。 第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个 小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听下面一段对话,回答第 6 至第 8 三个小题。现在你有 15 秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。

6.W: Excuse me, but could you tell me the way to the cinema, please? M: No, I'm sorry I can't. I'm a stranger in these parts. But why don't you ask that man with a heard? He'll be able to tell you, I'm sure. W: Which one do you mean? M: Look, the one over there, by the lamp-post. W: Ah, yes. I can see him now. Thank you very much. M: Not at all. 听下面一段对话,回答第 9 至第 11 三个小题。现在你有 15 秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。 7.W:Is the baby with you, John? He's not in the kitchen. M:He isn' t here, Mary. Perhaps he's upstairs. W:Please go and see. . . He's very quiet. M: All right, I'll go and see... Mary, he's not in his room. W: Is he in our room? M: No, he's not there either. W: My God! Where's he then? M: Oh, he's here, in the washroom! W: In the washroom? What's he doing there? M: He's cleaning his shoes with your toothbrush! 听下面一段对话,回答第 12 至第 14 三个小题。现在你有 15 秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。 8. M: Now, Susan. Can you tell us something about yourself? How old are you and what do you do? W: I'm twenty-two and I'm a bus conductress. M: A bus conductress! So you' re used to collecting money. who taught you to cycle? W:Nobody. I taught myself. I've been cycling since I was five. M:And who bought that beautiful racing cycle for you? W: I bought it myself. I worked overtime. M: Good for you! And what are you going to do now? W: Now? if you mean this minute, I'm going to have a long hot bath. M:You must need to relax. Again, congratulations. That was Susan James, winner of this year's cycle race. 听下面一段对话, 回答第 15 至第 17 三个小题。 现在你有 15 秒钟的时间阅读这 三个小题。 9. W:Hello, George! I wanted to speak to you yesterday, but you weren't at your usual place for lunch. M: No, I had a free day from the newspaper office because I worked so much overtime last week. W: Oh, I see. You had a holiday. M: Well, I stayed at home and looked after the baby. W: What? You took care of the baby? Whose baby? M: Oh, it was my sister's baby. She wanted to go shopping in the morning. So I stayed at home

and did a lot of useful things. W: Oh? M: Yes. I mended my radio, washed a shirt and some socks, and cleaned out the drawers of my desk. W: I don't call that a holiday. I wanted to ask you to a concert last night. The one at the Town Hall near where we lived. M:That's funny! My office called me in the afternoon and asked me to go and write an article about the concert. I noticed that you weren' t there; but your friend Mary was. W:Was she indeed? That's very strange. 听下面一段独白,回答第 18 至第 20 三个小题。现在你有 15 秒钟的时间阅读这三个小题。 10.Before we get into Hemingway, I want to say a few words about him. In many ways his life is as interesting as his work. And, of course, many of his books and stories were based on his personal experience. Hemingway was the son of a doctor. And it was his father who first introduced him to the outdoor life—hunting, fishing, sports. All those things that he loved so much. After he graduated from high school, he left home and went to Kansas City. He didn't go to college, but instead, got a job as reporter on the Kansas City Star. When the war broke out in 1914, Hemingway wanted to be a soldier, but he was rejected because of an old eye problem. Not wanting to miss the action, he went to Europe anyway and served as a driver for the Red Cross. In 1918, shortly before the end of the war, he was wounded and had to return to the States. When the Second World War began, he again returned to Europe as a reporter. He was present at most of the important battles of the war and his experiences became the basis of his books. In 1952, he wrote a short novel which is one of his best. For this book, he won the Pulitzer Prize. And two years later, he received the Nobel Prize for Literature.

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