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甘肃省会宁县第一中学2016届高三上学期第四次月考英语试题 Word版含答案.doc


高三年级四次月考试卷 英 语 试 卷
本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。考生作答时,将答案答在答题卡 上,在本试卷上答题无效。考试结束后,保留试卷,只交答题卡。 注意事项: 1.答题前,考生务必先将自己的姓名、班级填写在答题卡上 2.选择题答案使用 0.5 毫米的黑色中性(签字)笔、钢笔或碳素笔书写,字体工整、 笔迹清楚。 3.请按照题号在各题的答题区域内作答,超出答题区域书写的答案无效。 4.保持答题卡面清洁,不折叠,不破损。

本试卷分为第 I 卷(选择题卷) 和第 II 卷(非选择题卷) 。 满分 120 分,考试时间 100 分钟。 第I卷 第一部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题,每题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A,B,C,D 四个选项中选出最佳答案。 A Waiting anxiously to be reunited with the son he had not seen for 13 years, Phil Baker took a walk along the beach with his wife Lyn to relax himself. His boy Benji, 21, was finally back to Australia after living most of his life in the UK, half a world away from his dad. As he looked out at the ocean, wondering how his son might have changed over the years, Phil saw some people on the kayaks (小艇) in trouble on the water. Without hesitation, he dived into the sea to help. And as he carried a stricken young man trembling and semi-conscious to the shore, he realized the young man was his long-lost son. “I looked at his face, and something occurred to me,” says Phil. “Those brown eyes were very familiar.” Although Phil had seen just a few photos of his son since the boy was eight years old, he recognized him at once. It would be reasonable to suppose it was a father?s instinct that incited Phil to help ---- but at the moment he dived into the water to go to the aid of the struggling group, he only thought he was helping a stranger in trouble. He said, “Two people were desperately paddling on one of the kayaks and it seemed like someone fell into the water. I told Lyn, ?Something is not right; I?m going to help.? ” “l took off my T-shirt and threw my keys on the sand. Diving into the water, I saw there were two instructors on board and a man lying in the water. He was shaking violently. Linking arms

with one instructor, I helped to carry the man out of the water. He was drifting in and out of consciousness and his hands and feet were blue.” Then Phil looked into the boy's eyes and wept as he realized the stricken stranger was his own son. Phil recalled, “I asked the instructor, ?what?s his name?' ” He replied, ?Benji?. In an instant, I knew that stranger was my boy. I checked his breathing and pulse and said, “It's me, your dad. You're going to be OK.” Benji tells how it felt to be saved by his long-lost dad. “All I remember was waking up on the beach and seeing my dad there,” he says, “And I recognized his face straight away.” 1. What can we know about the Bakers? A. Phil and his wife lived in Australia. B. Phil knew he was going to save his son. C. Benji was going to see off his son on the beach. D. Benji and Phil were separated because of Benji?s education. 2. In Paragraph 4, the underlined word” incited" can be replaced by"__________" A. caused B. reminded C. forced D. advised 3. From the passage, it can be inferred that ____________. A. Phil is willing to help people in need B. Benji drowned because he could not swim C. Benji had the same brown eyes as his father D. the instructors told Phil that Benji was his son 4. Which of the following shows the right order of the story? a. Phil and his wife waited for their son on the beach. b. Benji left his father at the age of eight. c. Phil saved a boy and recognized he was his own son. d. Benji recognized his father Phil. e. Phil saw some people were in trouble and decided to help. A. a, b, c, e, d B. b, a, e, c, d C. a, b, e, d, c B The world's first hamburger doesn't come from where you think it comes from. It wasn't invented in the United States, and it didn't originate in Germany. No, the world's first hamburger comes from China. If you're scratching your head right now, you're not alone. But Chinese hamburgers are very real and they definitely predate the hamburgers we call our own in the U.S. Known as rou jia mo, which translates to "meat burger" or "meat sandwich", they consist of chopped meat inside a pita-like bun, and they've been around since the Qin Dynasty, from about 221 BC to 207 BC. Despite the differences between this Chinese street food and our American-style burgers, the rou jia mo has been called the world's first hamburger. The rou jia mo originated in the Shanxi Province of China, and is now eaten all over the D. b, e, a, d, c

country. It's typically prepared and eaten on the street. The dough for the bun, or mo, consists of a simple mixture of wheat flour, water and maybe yeast. Of course recipes may vary, but this basic equation makes for a chewy and subtle pillow for the delicious filling. While the mo is traditionally baked in a clay oven, today it's often fried in a pan. They may look a little like Chinese steamed buns or baozi, but the dough for those are, of course, steamed, not baked or fried. The meat filling might consist of chopped pork, beef, lamb or chicken that has been stewed with a variety of spices, like ginger, cloves, coriander and star anise. You might also find herbs like cilantro or greens like lettuce garnishing the sandwich. 5. What does the underlined word mean? A. noodle B. food C. bread D. beverage 6. Which of the following is TRUE? A. The mo people eat today is baked in a clay oven. B. The world's first hamburger which was originated in the Shanxi Province of China is popular around the world. C. The rou jia mo has a history of more than 2200 years. D. The rou jia mo and American-style burgers share a similar cooking process. 7. What would be the best title for the passage? A. Delicious hamburger C. Chinese invented hamburger B. How to cook hamburger D. History of hamburger C Singles' Day ---- the Chinese opposite of Valentine?s Day has turned into a massive online shopping event. It is a day when single people are supposed to buy themselves presents. But there are sociological reasons behind China's “celebration” of single life. And the imbalance could have big consequences for the country. There were 34 million more men than women in China in 2011. Part of that is natural – usually there are 105 boys born for every 100 girls. But the Chinese gender ratio (性别比例) at birth is much more obvious. It was 116 boys to 100 girls in 2012. The one child policy is largely to blame. Brought in to limit population expansion, the policy allows only one child per family. But because male children are seen as more valuable, as well as more likely to support their parents in old age, some parents choose to have a son over a daughter. The result is that large numbers of men will likely never get married. In fact, one study has predicted that by 2030, 1 in 5 Chinese men in their 30s will never have married, while another states that 94% of unmarried people in China are men. Traditionally, China has seen high levels of marriage, usually among the young. Besides, the increased education and career opportunities for women have meant that marriages are happening later. It is also traditional that women often marry men of a higher socioeconomic status than themselves. So women at the top and men at the bottom find themselves alone. One study has even suggested a link between an imbalanced gender ratio and growth in violent crime in the

country. Singles ' Day can?t solve all the problems China?s singles face. Indeed, it is possible that it is causing even more problems, as men resort to increasingly risky lines of work to increase their chances of gaining money and thus a wife. I am worried that as money starts to overcome romance, there is evidence that China ' s marriage market is increasingly materialistic. 8. In 2012, if 50 girls were born, how many boys were probably born? A. 50. B. 52. C. 58. D. 60. 9. What made women in China get married late? A. Their support of the government?s late marriage policy. B. Their higher education level and more work chances. C. That they expect to enjoy their single time when young. D. That there are too many excellent young men to choose from. 10. What?s the writer?s attitude to the imbalance gender ratio in China? A. Optimistic B. Concerned . C. Indifferent D. Unknown 11. We can learn from the passage that

A. Singles' Day is celebrated all over the world. B. by 2030, 1 in 5 Chinese women in their 30s will be out of marriage. C. an imbalanced gender ratio is related to the growth in violent crime. D. Singles' Day will solve all the problems China?s singles face. D From July to October every year, about a quarter of the world?s blue whales feed in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California. But the whales currently face a major threat in their favorite feeding area. Ships carrying cargo (货物)sail in the same area at the same time. All too often, the whales? paths and the ships? travel lines overlap (重叠),and a ship will hit a whale. According to a new study, these ship strikes have become a serious threat to the overall population of the world?s blue whales. Only about 10,000 of the creatures still exist worldwide. Blue whales are the largest known animals ever to live on Earth. Even so, if hit by a container ship, a blue whale will likely die from its injuries. In 2007 alone, large ships killed five blue whales in the waters off San Francisco and Los Angeles, California. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) says that because there are so few whales already, losing three to five from the California whale population every year is a significant loss. “The estimated population of blue whales in this part of the Pacific is 2,500”, says Sean Hastings, a NOAA analyst. “So every whale counts toward this species moving off the endangered-species list.” Now, marine scientists must figure out how to protect the whales from the giant container ships. One very simple program is already under way in the Santa Barbara Channel, a waterway that separates mainland California from the nearby Channel Islands. The Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary has asked large container ships passing

through the area to voluntarily slow down. Sailing slower will allow the ships? crew (船员)more time to change course before hitting a whale. Several of the world?s largest shipping lines are set to participate in the new program. For every ship that passes through the Santa Barbara Channel at or below the reduced speed of 12 knots (海里 / 小时) ,the company that owns the ship will be paid $2,500. 12. From Paragraph 1, we can know that_____. A. people intend to illegally hunt blue whales for money B. large ships often carrying goods may pollute the sea C. there is fewer fish in blue whales? favorite feeding area D. the container ships may hit the blue whales frequently 13. Why is the death of several whales regarded as significant loss to the world's blue whales? A. Because other blue whales will be scared away. B. Because the number of the blue whales is so small. C. Because blue whales are the largest animals in the world. D. Because many blue whales get killed throughout the year. 14. According to Sean Hastings,it?s inferred that A. the blue whales are still on the endangered-species list. B. the number of the blue whales is decreasing sharply. C. most of the world?s blue whales live in the Pacific Ocean. D. blue whales are often disturbed by other endangered creatures. 15. What are the last three paragraphs mainly about? A. The basic responsibility of a sailor. B. The world?s largest shipping lines. C. Measures to protect the blue whales. D. Ways to slow down the speed of the ships. 第二节 (共 5 小题,每题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,选出最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。 American black bears appear in a variety of colors despite their name. In the eastern part of their range, most of these bears have shiny black fur, but in the west they grow brown, red, or even yellow coats. may be born. Black bears are the smallest of all American bears, ranging in length from five to six feet, weighing from three hundred to five hundred pounds. 18 17 However, if attacked, most can climb trees and cover ground at great speeds. When 16 Even in the same litter (一窝幼崽), both brown and black furred bears .

angry or frightened, they are formidable(可怕的) enemies. Black bears feed on leaves, herbs, fruit, berries, insects, fish, and even larger animals. 19 Unlike squirrels, woodchucks, and many other woodland animals, bears do not actually hibernate(冬眠). Although the bear does not eat during the winter months, sustaining itself from body fat, its temperature remains almost normal, and it breathes regularly four or five times per

minute. 20 They prefer to live in caves. Baby black bears are born in January or February after a gestation(怀孕) period of six to nine months, and they stay with their mother until they are fully grown or about one and a half years old. Black bears can live as long as thirty years in the wild, and even longer in some nature reserves. A. To the north, the black bear is actually gray or white in color. B. Black bears mate(交配) all year round. C. One of the most interesting characteristics of bears, including the black bear, is their winter sleep. D. Like all bears, the black bear is timid, clumsy, and rarely dangerous. E. Bears often eat a lot of food before they hibernate in their caves. F. Most black bears live alone, except during mating season. G. Their eyes and ears are small and their eyesight and hearing are not as good as their sense of smell. 第二部分 完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A,B,C,D 四个选项中选出最佳答案。 Once upon, there were two traveling angels who stopped to spend the night in the home of a wealthy family. The family was impolite and Instead, the angels were given a space in the angel asked why, the older angel 25 , 26 , but very kind farmer 21 22 to let the angels stay in the guest room. underground room. As they 24 23 their and repaired it. When the younger

bed on the hard floor, the older angel saw a hole in the "Things aren't always what they seem."

The next night the pair came to rest at the house of a very and his wife. 27

sharing what little food they had, the couple let the angels sleep in their bed 29 . Their only cow, whose milk had been their only 31 ?

28 they could have a good night's rest. When the sun came up the next morning, the angels found the farmer and his wife in income, lay 30 in the field. 32 , yet you watched over his 33 to share everything, and you 34 in the

The younger angel was very angry and asked the older angel, "How could this Why did you not watch out for the cow? The first man had house," she accused. "The second family had little but was did not help." "Things aren't always what they seem," the older angel replied. "When we underground room, I noticed there was gold so greedy and unwilling to 36 35 his good fortune, I asked God if I could 37

in that hole in the wall. Since the owner was the wall so he

couldn't find it. Then last night as we slept in the farmer's bed, the angel of death came for his wife. I asked God if the angel could take the cow " Sometimes this is exactly what happens when things don?t 39 the way they should. You 38 . You see, things aren't always what they seem.

need to

40

that every outcome is always to your advantage. You might not know it until B. preferred B. cold B. set C. agreed C. warm C. fixed C. wall C. sang C. lucky C. After C. why C. power C. run C. none C. disgusting C. stayed C. robbed C. share C. smash C. away C. turn to C. trust D. refused D. comfortable D. decorated D. window D. replied D. fortunate D. When D. which D. danger D. dead D. operate D. everything D. surprising D. remained D. picked D. Separate D. seal D. aside D. turn off D. suppose 第 II 卷

some time later. 21.A.decided 22. A. cool 23 .A. made

24. A. ground B. ceiling 25. A. screamed B. spoke 26. A. rich 27. A. Before 28. A. where 29. A. sweat 30. A. happy 31. A. appear 32. A. something 33. A. willing 34. A. parked 35. A. stored 36. A. divide 37. A. crash 39. A. turn in 40. A. hope B. poor B. Since B. what B. tears B. happen B. nothing B. reluctant B. camped B. stolen B. show B. erase B. turn out B. wish

B. disappointed C. alive

38. A. instead B. beyond

第三部分 英语知识运用(共三节,满分 50 分) 第一节 在短文空白处填写适当的词(每空不多余 3 个词)或所给词的正确形式。 (共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) A CCTV journalist succeeded in arousing a _____ (heat) discussion among netizens by asking people _____ they are happy. The responses to the question were _____ (variety), even some quite funny ones included. Although some people played jokes on the answers, it didn?t take long before they began to figure out the true meanings of happiness. It is certain that people?s views on happiness ______ (affect) greatly by their own life experience. ________ (fortunate), too many people refer to being rich as happiness. Some people _______ intention is to make big money appreciate being given any chance to multiply their income, ______ (believe) that is where their happiness lies. Some are eager to inherit their parents? property, especially those who are known as silver-spoon kids. Even worse, some would rather

break the law _______ (satisfy) their financial desire or seek their fortune legally. _____ my opinion, happiness is not about pursuing wealth merely but about admiring ____ beautiful things in life. Therefore, live your life to the fullest and be happy. 第二节 短文改错(共 10 题,每题 1 分,共 10 分) 下文中共有 10 处错误,每句最多两处,错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(︿) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:删除多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改仅限一词;2. 只允许修改 10 处,从 11 处起不计分。 I as well as my parents are going to New York City this month. I had been looking forward to going there for long time. It is one of the beautiful city all over the world. There are many places of interests where you can learn something you can?t learn it in school. I?d also like to see the Empire State Building. Unfortunately, the Twin Towers were destroyed in September 11, 2001, and I would have the chance to see them by himself. Now I am getting ready for the excited trip. I am sure it will be an unforgettable experience. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分)

高考临近,许多家长用金钱、旅游等承诺鼓励孩子努力学习,考上一所好大学。假定你 是高三学生李华,请根据所提供的有关信息,给某英文报社写封短信。 内容要点:1.许多家长用金钱、旅游等承诺鼓励孩子努力学习,考上一所好大学; 2. 可能会导致学生只关注物质奖励,而减少学习乐趣; 3. 一旦获得想要的奖励就失去了学习动力; 4.你的建议。 注意: 1. 不要逐词逐句的翻译。 2.为使语句连贯,可以适当增加细节。 3. 词数 100 左右。信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总数。 Dear Editor, With the college entrance examination approaching_____________________ ___________________________________________________________

Yours truly,

Li Hua

英语第四次月考答案 第一部分 阅读理解 A.1---4 AAAB B. 5---7 CCC C. 8---11 CBBC D. 12---15 DBAC

七选五:16---20 AGDCF 第二部分 完形填空 21---25 DBACD 26---30 BCABD 31---35 BDACA 36---40 CDABC

第三部分 英语知识运用 第一节 41. heated 42. If/whether 43. various 44. are affected 50. the 45.

Unfortunately 46. whose 47. believing 48. to satisfy 49. In 第二节 改错(10 题,每题 1 分,共 10 分) … are going to New York City this month. I had … … for^ long time. …beautiful city … places of interests …you can?t learn it in school. … were destroyed in September 11, 2001, and I would have the chance to see them by himself. Now I am getting ready for the excited trip. 书面表达范文: (满分 25 分) Dear Editor, am a interest on or exciting

have cities 删除 it

myself

With the college entrance examination approaching, many parents try to encourage their children to study hard and be admitted into a famous university. They promise that they will be rewarded with things such as money, traveling and so on once they achieve the goals. ? However, I don't think this is a proper way. Firstly, it may lead to the fact that children's attention will focus on such things instead of the pleasure of studying. Secondly, they may stop working hard as soon as they get what they want.? I think a wise way is to make us aware of the importance of going to a good university. We should also study hard and well for our future. ? Yours truly, Li Hua


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