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Lesson 20


[ti:Lesson 20] [ar:华研外语] [al:淘金式巧攻大学英语词汇·6 级分册] [by:华研外语] [00:01.46]Lesson 20 [00:03.27]adhere vi. (to)黏附,附着; [00:06.52]遵守,坚持;追随,支持 [00:12.03]Don't spit out your gum on the ground. [00:14.55]It may adhere to the soles of someone's shoes. [00:17.87]不要随地乱吐口香糖, [00:20.95]那会粘到别人鞋底上的。 [00:23.75]The Government of Iraq adhered to its original plan, [00:27.88]which was resented by many western countries. [00:31.79]伊拉克政府我行我素, [00:34.47]让许多西方国家憎恨不已。 [00:38.62]articulate a. 善于表达的,发音清晰的 [00:44.81]vt. 明确有力地表达;清晰地发(音) [00:50.97]Wu Jinglian, a well-known economist in China, [00:54.66]is articulate about the trend of the so-called "New Economy". [01:00.03]中国著名经济学家吴敬琏 [01:03.94]对于"新经济"的走向讲得头头是道。 [01:08.14]At the press conference the spokesman [01:10.26]articulated China's strong opposition to the U.S. NMD. [01:16.10]在记者招待会上, [01:18.38]新闻发言人阐明了中国坚决反对美国的导弹防御计划的立场。 [01:26.05]chronic a. (疾病)慢性的, (人)久病的; [01:31.59]长久的,不断的;积习难改的 [01:35.61]Patients suffering from chronic indigestion [01:39.40]cannot eat more than enough. [01:42.11]患有慢性消化不良症的病人不能多吃。 [01:46.81]A chronic state of civil war [01:49.05]has been preventing Afghanistan from developing its economy. [01:53.75]长期的战乱让阿富汗根本无法发展自己的经济。 [02:00.39]compatible a. 兼容的;合得来的 [02:04.65]Are your family members compatible with each other? [02:08.16]你的家庭成员间能和睦相处吗? [02:12.79]Accuracy is not always compatible with haste. [02:16.89]忙中难免出错。 [02:19.62]conform vi. (to, with)遵守,适应;一致,符合 [02:25.91]A coat must conform to the figure of the wearer. [02:30.33]衣服必须与身材相配。 [02:33.72]On the first day when a pupil enters school, [02:36.53]he is asked to conform to the school rules. [02:40.92]从进校的第一天起,

[02:43.22]学校就要求学生遵守校规。 [02:47.21]converge vi. (在一点上)会合,互相靠拢; [02:51.78]聚集,集中; (思想、观点等)趋近 [02:57.44]Railway lines seem to converge [03:00.05]when one looks at them from a distance. [03:02.91]铁轨远看好像集中在一点。 [03:07.31]Parallel lines converge at infinity. [03:10.59]平行线永不相交。 [03:13.38]deprive vt. (of)剥夺,使丧失 [03:18.05]Women in old China were deprived of the right to education. [03:22.68]在旧中国,妇女被剥夺了受教育的权利。 [03:27.68]disperse vi. 使分散,散开;使消散,消失 [03:35.24]vt. 分散,赶散;消散,驱散 [03:39.89]Tear gas can be used to disperse a crowd. [03:44.09]催泪瓦斯可用来驱散人群。 [03:47.66]The crowd dispersed in all directions. [03:50.71]人群向各个方向散开了。 [03:53.94]The wind dispersed the clouds. [03:56.81]风把云吹散了。 [03:59.50]distribute vt. 使分布,散布;分发,分送,分配 [04:08.09]Some students are distributing ad leaflets on the street. [04:12.32]有些学生在街头派发广告传单。 [04:17.40]Whenever spring comes, [04:19.31]the gardener will distribute grass seeds over the lawn. [04:23.87]当春天来临的时候, [04:26.52]园丁就把草种播撒在草坪里。 [04:31.18]eligible a. 有条件被选中的,有恰当资格的; [04:36.43](尤指婚姻等)合适的,合意的 [04:40.35]In the U.S., only native-born citizens [04:43.96]were eligible to the office of president. [04:47.92]在美国,过去只有在美国本土出生的公民 [04:52.76]才有资格当选总统。 [04:55.87]evoke vt. 唤起,引起,使人想起 [05:02.13]Jane Zhang's singing evoked warm acclamations. [05:06.18]张靓颖的歌声博得了热烈的喝彩。 [05:10.23]Wang Shuo's review on Jin Yong's novels [05:13.65]evoked much controversy. [05:17.21]王朔关于金庸小说的书评引起了很多争论。 [05:23.22]The Grape of Wrath is a novel [05:25.25]that evokes the Depression in accurate detail. [05:29.18]《愤怒的葡萄》是一部以精确的细节 [05:33.45]再现大萧条时期情景的小说。 [05:37.55]fake n. 假货,赝品;骗子,冒充者 [05:44.12]a. 假的,伪造的,冒充的

[05:47.55]vt. 伪造,捏造;伪装,假装 [05:52.84]Many paintings looked old, but are fakes/fake. [05:58.80]很多画看上去年代久远, [06:01.81]实际上是赝品。 [06:04.81]Many evil merchants swindle the customers [06:07.76]by imposing fake goods on them to make profits. [06:11.77]为了赚钱, [06:13.19]许多无良商人用假冒伪劣商品坑害消费者。 [06:19.66]gloomy a. 忧郁的,沮丧的; [06:23.31]令人沮丧的,令人失望的;昏暗的,阴暗的,阴沉的 [06:30.71]The gloomy damp weather [06:32.42]and her gloomy face took away my appetite. [06:37.02]阴沉、潮湿的天气 [06:39.29]以及她苦丧着的脸让我食欲全无。 [06:43.90]humanity n. 人类, (总称)人; [06:48.44]人性;人道,博爱,仁慈; (pl.)人文学科 [06:54.51]AIDS and cancer are maladies that afflict humanity. [06:58.93]艾滋病和癌症是折磨人类的疾病。 [07:03.01]Humanity is a mixture of good and bad qualities. [07:07.93]人性是善与恶的混合体。 [07:11.80]incentive n. 刺激,鼓励 [07:16.29]Money is still a major incentive in most occupations. [07:21.15]在许多职业中,钱仍是主要的激励因素。 [07:26.75]initiate n. 新加入组织的人 [07:31.84]vt. 开始,创始,发起;使初步了解;接纳(新成员) ,让…加入 [07:40.80]China initiated her reforms [07:43.09]in every field in 1978 based on Deng Xiaoping's conceptions. [07:49.42]中国从 1978 年开始根据邓小平的构想启动各个领域的改革。 [07:57.47]intricate a. 错综复杂的,复杂精细的 [08:02.74]A detective novel usually has an intricate plot. [08:07.50]侦探小说通常有错综复杂的情节。 [08:12.04]Modern electrical facilities have intricate directions. [08:17.63]现代电器设备的用法说明都复杂难懂。 [08:22.49]leaflet n. 传单,散页印刷品 [08:27.27]v. (向…)散发传单 [08:29.84]Many salesmen stood by the roadside [08:32.44]to hand out the leaflets for their products to passers-by. [08:37.22]很多促销人员站在路边向路人散发产品广告传单。 [08:44.12]migrate vi. (候鸟等)迁徙,移栖; [08:51.06]移居(尤指移居国外) ,迁移 [08:55.50]Some birds migrate to find warmer weather. [08:59.74]有些鸟迁徙以寻找更温暖的气候。 [09:04.58]notorious a. 臭名昭著的,声名狼藉的 [09:09.96]English soccer fans are notorious for their craziness

[09:13.45]and barbarism. [09:15.45]英国球迷因他们的疯狂和野蛮而臭名昭著。 (与…)部分相同 [09:20.95]overlap v. (与…)重叠; [09:26.85]n. 重叠 [09:28.83]Tiles are laid to overlap each other. [09:32.12]屋瓦是一个压一个地重叠放置的。 [09:36.41]History and politics overlap and should be studied together. [09:41.37]历史和政治有部分重叠,应该结合起来研究。 [09:46.66]perpetual a. 永久的,永恒的;无休止的 [09:52.95]Do you believe in perpetual love in this secular world? [09:57.62]在这个世俗的世界里你还相信有天长地久的爱情吗? [10:03.92]The two sides signed a treaty of perpetual friendship. [10:08.25]双方签订了永久友好条约。 [10:12.71]prescription n. 处方,药方, (医生开的)药; [10:18.42]开处方,开药方 [10:21.25]l can never read doctors' prescriptions. [10:24.43]我从来看不懂医生写的处方。 [10:27.69]profitable a. 有利可图的,有益的 [10:33.37]Investigations revealed that [10:36.30]selling genuine goods at a fair price [10:38.89]can be more profitable in the long run. [10:42.00]调查显示,从长远来看, [10:45.30]货真价实的经营能赚取更多的利润。 [10:50.25]recipe n. 烹饪法,食谱;方法,秘诀,诀窍 [10:58.96]I am not good at cooking. [11:00.94]I can only follow a recipe. [11:03.75]我不擅长烹饪,只能照着食谱做。 [11:08.30]What's your recipe for a happy marriage? [11:11.33]你认为幸福婚姻有什么秘方? [11:14.89]revelation n. 被揭示的真相, (惊人的)新发现; [11:20.52]揭示,透露,显示 [11:24.49]What a revelation! [11:26.44]这真是一个意外! [11:28.75]The revelation that the world is round once surprised people. [11:33.96]揭示出地球是圆的事实曾使人们大为惊讶。 [11:39.90]Have you ever read the Revelations in the Bible? [11:43.77]你读过《圣经》中的《启示录》吗? [11:46.82]shrewd a. 机灵的,敏锐的,精明的 [11:52.20]However shrewd a businessman is, [11:55.05]it is impossible that he has never lost money. [11:59.02]再精明的生意人也不可能从不亏钱。 [12:03.47]subjective a. 主观(上)的,个人的 [12:08.04]Our perception of things is often influenced [12:11.09]by subjective factors, such as tiredness.

[12:15.09]我们对事物的感知能力 [12:17.26]常受到主观因素(如疲劳)的影响。 [12:22.15]Lyric poetry is subjective. [12:26.11]抒情诗是抒发个人感情的。 [12:30.39]symposium n. 讨论会,专题报告会;专题论文集 [12:36.98]A symposium is a meeting or conference for discussion of a topic, [12:42.15]especially one in which the participants form an audience [12:46.14]and make presentations. [12:48.78]研讨会即讨论某一论题的聚会或会议, [12:53.70]尤指参与者既为听众、又做演讲的聚会或会议。 [13:00.35]toss vi. 掷钱币决定;翻来覆去 [13:05.65]n. 掷钱币决定;猛抬头 [13:07.07]vt. 扔,抛;猛抬(头) ; [13:09.06]拌(食品)(打赌等时)掷(钱币) ; ;使摇动,使颠簸 [13:16.12]The ship tossed about on the stormy sea. [13:19.60]船在波涛汹涌的海浪中颠簸着。 [13:24.08]Toss the vegetables in butter. [13:26.68]在菜里拌点黄油。 [13:29.21]Let's toss to see who will pay the bill. [13:32.47]让我们掷钱币决定谁付账。 [13:36.11]verdict n. 裁定;定论,判断性意见 [13:41.69]The verdict was that the prisoner was guilty. [13:45.21]最后的判决是犯人有罪。


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