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【高考领航】2016届高三英语二轮复习 课时训练5 阅读理解+完形填空+语法填空+书面表达


训练 5

阅读理解+完形填空+语法填空+书面表达
(建议用时 45 分钟)

Ⅰ.阅读理解 Last weekend I visited Rome for the first time.I spent three busy days in the Italian capital,seeing lots of tourist attractions and walking down streets lit with Christmas decorations.There are a lot of things I love about the city. Rome is one of the most ancient cities in the world and is full of wonderful relics (遗迹) from its distant past.These monuments include the Roman Forum and the vast Coliseum where gladiators used to fight each other until death and hunt animals coming from another country.The ruins of buildings and temples are fascinating: you can’t quite believe how old they are. I studied the masterpieces of the Renaissance period at university and was very excited to see them in real life.I walked around the museum in Vatican City and saw plenty of famous sculptures (雕塑).The best part of the visit was,without doubt,the Sistine Chapel ceiling,painted in the early 16th century by the great Michelangelo.It was so breathtaking that I couldn’t tear my eyes away from it. In Rome,there is a lot of food on offer for tourists but some of it isn’t of very good quality.I made an effort to find reliable restaurants to taste the popular meals of the region,like pasta with tomato,onion and bacon.I also love eating ice cream and hot chocolate under the Christmas lights. Rome has not only lots of luxury boutiques (精品店) but also plenty of shops that were more in my price range! It was a perfect opportunity to go and buy presents for my family and friends.There was also a Christmas market,where I bought a sparkly decoration for the tree. 1 . The underlined word “gladiators” in the 2nd paragraph probably means “________”. A.athletes C.invaders B.butchers D.fighters

2.The author found the ruins of buildings and temples fascinating because ________. A.they represent Rome’s religion B.they are relics from Rome’s distant past C.you can’t help wondering how old they are

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D.they include the Roman Forum and the vast Coliseum 3.What is mainly discussed in the 3rd paragraph? A.The great museums of Italy. B.The sculptures in Rome. C.Art?related activities during the visit. D.The achievements of the Renaissance period in Italy. 4.When visiting Rome,you should be careful in choosing________. A.the attractions C.the hotels B.the food D.the luxury boutiques

【语篇解读】 本文为记叙文。作者讲述了自己游玩意大利首都罗马的经历和感受。 1.解析:选 D。根据画线词后的“used to fight each other until death and hunt animals coming from another country”可知,该词意为“斗士”。故选 D。 2. 解析: 选 B。 根据第二段中的“full of wonderful relics(遗迹)from its distant past” 和“The ruins of buildings and temples are fascinating”可知选 B。 3.解析:选 C。本段主要介绍的是作者此次在游玩罗马的过程中涉及的艺术参观活动。故 选 C。 4.解析:选 B。根据第四段前两句中的“In Rome,there is a lot of food on offer for tourists but some of it isn’t of very good quality.I made an effort to find reliable restaurants to taste the popular meals of the region...”可知,作者暗示选择食物 时要特别小心。故选 B。 Ⅱ.完形填空 Many schools across the U.S.hold graduation ceremonies at this time of year.In some schools,even five? and six?year?olds __1__ their graduation from kindergarten, so do those older people.70?year?old Jerry Reid just __2__ from the University of Virginia (UVA) in Charlottesville.He __3__ a bachelor’s degree. Mr.Reid might not look like the __4__ college students for his grayer hair, __5__ it’s easy to forget his age for his attitude.Mr.Reid is also __6__ so that Mr.Reid’s school friends say they could talk to him about anything.

About a half __7__ ago,in his 20s,Mr.Reid was not in school.Instead,he was hanging out with others or racing cars.But he says his friend Bill once advised him to __8__ the UVA.“It’s Bill that made me understand that there was no way I’d ever make anything out of my life __9__ I came up here and went to school with him,” said Reid __10__. That was in 1963,and Jerry Reid says it took him 48 years to take that __11__ .In
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2011,after taking the exams,he succeeded in __12__ the UVA.UVA Professor Luke Wright says Mr.Reid __13__ students most.Professor Wright also says he opened the

__14__ of the young adults.The teacher says Mr.Reid showed them that life does not __15__ at 40.__16__,the 70?year?old college graduate believes that getting older can be the __17__ of a dream.He advises others that it is never too __18__ to try to make the life you have always wanted. “Remember the path that you left __19__ you.It’s there.It’s yours.All you should do is to get out of your own way and get back to it.And,that’s __20__ what I did,” said Reid.After taking some time off to enjoy his college degree,he will return to UVA to begin studying for his graduate degree. 1.A.witness C.miss 2.A.came C.graduated 3.A.found C.made 4.A.average C.excellent 5.A.and C.so 6.A.narrow?minded C.easy?going 7.A.month C.year 8.A.host C.change 9.A.when C.once 10.A.proudly C.gratefully 11.A.advice C.gift 12.A.entering C.designing B.arrange D.celebrate B.worked D.escaped B.earned D.bought B.special D.bad B.but D.or B.short?sighted D.peace?loving B.decade D.century B.attend D.describe B.unless D.since B.carefully D.pitifully B.question D.generation B.building D.visiting
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13.A.taught C.forgot 14.A.rooms C.minds 15.A.start C.value 16.A.On the contrary C.On the whole 17.A.truth C.meaning 18.A.late C.reasonable 19.A.approves of C.waits for 20.A.hardly C.tiredly

B.influenced D.scolded B.positions D.pockets B.appear D.end B.In return D.In general B.beginning D.finishing B.terrible D.early B.meets with D.keeps up with B.exactly D.secretly

1.解析:选 D。根据第一句“Many schools across the U.S.hold graduation ceremonies at this time of year.”可知,美国许多学校每年这时候都会举行毕业典礼。此处表示在 一些学校,甚至五、六岁的小孩也会庆祝(celebrate)自己从幼儿园毕业。 2.解析:选 C。根据上下文语境可知,此处表示 70 岁的杰里·里德刚从夏洛茨维尔市的弗 吉尼亚大学毕业(graduated)。 3.解析:选 B。根据语境,此处表示杰里·里德获得了(earned)学士学位。 4.解析:选 A。根据上下文语境可知,此处表示由于他灰白的头发,里德看起来也许不像 其他的普通(average)大学生。 5.解析:选 B。根据下文倒数第二段内容可推知,此处表示因为他的态度,他的年龄又很 容易被忽视。前后句子之间是转折关系,因此选 but。 6.解析:选 C。根据下文的“...so that Mr.Reid’s school friends say they could talk to him about anything.”可知,里德是一个容易相处的(easy?going)人,因此他们可以与 他谈论任何事情。 7. 解析: 选 D。 结合第一段可知, 里德从大学毕业时是 70 岁, 再结合此处的“...in his 20s, Mr.Reid was not in school.”可知,里德 20 来岁时应该是在半个世纪(century)前。 8.解析:选 B。此处表示他的朋友比尔建议他去上(attend)弗吉尼亚大学。 9.解析:选 B。此处表示比尔让里德明白了除非(unless)来这儿和他一起上大学,否则就 没法理顺他的生活。
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10.解析:选 C。根据上文的“It’s Bill that made me understand that there was no way I’d ever make anything out of my life__9__I came up here and went to school with him...”可知,是比尔让他明白了这个道理,因此他感激地(gratefully)说。 11.解析:选 A。根据语境,此处表示里德说他 48 年后才接受该建议(advice)。 12.解析:选 A。根据上下文语境,此处表示考试后,里德成功进入(entering)弗吉尼亚大 学。 13.解析:选 B。根据下文的“Professor Wright also says he opened the __14__ of the

young adults.”可知,此处表示弗吉尼亚大学教授卢克·赖特称里德影响(influenced)了 学生们。 14 .解析:选 C 。根据上下文语境可知,此处表示赖特教授说里德启发了年轻人的思想 (minds)。 15.解析:选 D。此处承接上文,表示里德告诉学生们,生命不会止于(end)40 岁。 16. 解析: 选 A。 根据下文的“...the 70?year?old college graduate believes that getting older can be the __17__ of a dream.”可知,前后语义表示转折,因此此处选 A。 17.解析:选 B。根据语境,此处表示相反,这位 70 岁的大学毕业生认为,变老是梦想的 开始(beginning)。 18.解析:选 A。根据上文的“The teacher says Mr.Reid showed them that life does not __15__ at 40.”可知,此处表示他建议他人实现自己的梦想永远都不会晚。 19.解析:选 C。根据下文的“It’s there.It’s yours.”可知,此处表示你错过的路就 在那等着(waits for)你。 20.解析:选 B。根据上下文语境,此处表示这正是(exactly)“我”所做的。 Ⅲ.语法填空 Beauty is usually seen as a blessing.But for some people,it seems that it can be 1.____________ curse.Laura Femee says her good look is so 2.____________ (power) that it is ruining her life.She was even forced to quit her job. The 33?year?old graduate said that her slim figure and pretty face 3.____________ (attract) unwanted attention from her male colleagues.Male

colleagues were interested in her only for how she looked.She wanted them to recognize her achievements and professionalism,but 4.____________ they saw

were her face and body.Men left romantic gifts on her desk.Besides,5.____________ often asked her out,which she found crazy.She also claimed that she was hated by other women in the workplace 6.____________ were jealous of her beauty. Miss Femee now lives off her wealthy parents after 7.____________ (quit) her job in scientific research two years ago.Yesterday , she said ,“I’m neither lazy
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8.____________ stupid.The truth is that my good look has caused me many problems when it comes to employment.” She also added her appearance meant she was teased and bullied appropriate 9.__________ 10.__________ (constant) , so she thought that work was not her.

【语篇解读】 英国女子称因太漂亮而被迫辞职,美貌看来也会给人带来烦恼。 1.考查冠词。curse 是可数名词,与上文中的“a blessing”相对应,应填不定冠词,又 因 curse 的发音是以辅音音素开头的,应填 a。 a 2.考查词性转换。so 是副词,一般修饰形容词或副词,又由前面的“is”可知,此处是作 表语,所以应填 power 的形容词形式。 powerful 3.考查动词时态。根据上文的”said”以及本段的时态可知应使用一般过去时。 attracted 4.考查连接代词。what 引导主语从句,在从句中作 saw 的宾语。 what 5.考查代词。根据上文可知,此处 they 指代前一句中的“Men”。 they 6.考查关系代词。关系代词 who/that 指代 other women,在定语从句中充当主语。 who/that 7.考查非谓语动词。after 在此处用作介词,其后应使用动名词形式作宾语。 quitting 8.考查固定搭配。neither...nor...意为”既不??也不??”,是固定用法。 nor 9.考查词性转换。此处用副词 constantly 修饰前面的谓语动词。 constantly 10.考查介词。be appropriate for“适合于”,for 意为“对??来说”。 for Ⅳ.书面表达 假如你叫李华, 是光明中学的学生。 你从校园网(www.guangming.com)了解到学校在为一 批来自澳大利亚的学生寻找寄宿家庭(host family),你有意申请。请你根据自身条件用英 语给校长写一封信,说明你申请的理由(如住房条件、语言优势、接待经验或其他优势等)。 注意: 1.文章必须包括所有要点; 2.词数 100 左右,信的开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数;
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3.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear Sir, _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ Looking forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua 答案: Dear_Sir, I’m Li Hua,a student of yours.I have learned from www.guangming.com that you are looking for host families in our school for the Australian students,so I’m glad to have the valuable chance. I think my home meets the requirements of being a host family.For one thing, we have a large and clean house,which lies near our school. For another,I’m good at English and my parents are both English teachers, so I’m sure we will have no difficulty communicating with the Australian students.Besides,two American students were received at my home last summer and we did have a good time.I would greatly appreciate it if I could have the chance to make friends with them. Looking_forward_to_your_reply. Yours, Li_Hua

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