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Unit 4 语法 it作形式宾语的用法


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考点词汇 1-5(略)
6. stand vt. 忍受, 忍耐 用法: 表示”容忍,忍受”时,不用于进行时,常用于否定句和疑问句中,强调 “不喜欢”.其 后跟名词或动词—ing 形式等。 I just couldn’t stand the life any more. 我再也不能忍受这种生活了。 I can’t stand waiting here all the time. 我无法忍受一直在这儿等候。 运用:翻译下面的句子。 (1)我忍受不了炎热的天气。 ________________________________ (2)她忍受不了室内工作。 --------------------------------------7. support vt. 支持, 支撑;养活 n. 支持; 支撑物 理解:理解下列各例句的意思。 (1)If you raise it at the meeting, I’ll support you. ______________________________________ (2)The chair won’t support his weight. ______________________________________ (3)It is not fair to let Mary support the family. _______________________________________ (4)The suggestion got much support. 拓展:supporter n. 支持者;拥护者 运用:用 support 的适当形式填空。 (1)The president had lots of ______________. (2)He _______________________the government in its plan to build more railway lines. (3)He is in trouble. He needs our _________. 8. volunteer n. 志愿者;志愿兵 v. 自愿或无偿地给予或提供(服务、帮助、建议等) 搭配: 翻译下面的短语 (1) volunteer to do ____________ (2) volunteer for_____________________________ (3) volunteer as __________________ 运用:完成下面的句子。 (1)The road cost the villagers nothing; it was built ____________________(由志愿者们). (2)He ____________ his services _____________that day(自愿当司机). 3)He_______________________________________ (主动告诉我们很多关于??的好建议)how to learn English. (4) We _________________________(自愿提供服务), which made them very excited. (5)Tom________________________(自愿帮我) to water the flowers after school. (6)As far as I know, _______________________ _________________________(北京奥运会的大部分志愿者) are university students. 9. challenge n. 挑战 v. 向??挑战; 强烈建议(某人做某事) 搭配:指出下列各个词组的汉语意思。 (1)a letter of challenge ____________ (2)give a challenge ____________
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(3)accept/take a challenge_________________ (4)face a challenge ____________ (5)meet a challenge ____________ 运用:根据汉语提示完成下列英文句子。 (1)It is _______________________ (对他来说是个挑战) to learn swimming in a month. (2)Last Sunday he ______________( 向 ? ? 挑 战 ) me to a game of ping — pong, and I __________________________ (接受挑战). (3)Schools must ___________________(迎接挑战) of new technology. 10. graduate v. 毕业 n. 毕业生 搭配:指出下列各个词组的汉语意思。 (1)a high—school graduate ______________ (2)after graduation _______________ (3)graduate from Beijing university_________________ (4)graduate in law at Oxford______________________ 运用:翻译下面的句子。 (1)我已经毕业了。___________________________ (2)毕业后你打算干什么? ______________________________________________ 重要短语 1. go off (闹钟、枪)响;爆炸;进行 理解:指出下列句中 go off 的汉语意思。 (1)The alarm clock went off at six o’clock and woke me. (2) The gun went off by accident. (3)The bomb went off in a crowded street. (4)Everything is going off according to the plan 拓展: go off well/ badly 进行得很顺利/糟糕 试一试,默写 go 的常用搭配: (1)go ________着手做;承担 (2)go ________ 合作,配合 (3)go ________传扬,传播; 四处走动 (4)go ________按照??判断; 遵照,依照 (5)go ________下降;下沉 (6)go ________追求; 喜欢 (7)go ________参加 (8)go ________继续 (9)go ________离开; 熄灭 (10)go _______ 复习; 查阅; 视察 (11)go __________ 经历;经受;遭到 (12)go __________涨价;上涨 2. complain (to sb.) about sth. 向某人抱怨某事 拓展: complain (to sb.) that?向某人抱怨?? complain of 诉说(病、痛等) 运用:补全下列句子。 (1)你总是发牢骚。You’re always ______________. (2)他几乎马上就开始抱怨起天气来了。 Almost immediately he began to __________________ the weather.
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(3)我打算向经理抱怨此事。 I’m going ____________________________________this. (4)他们抱怨说书的价格提高了。 They __________________the price of books had been increased. (5)她很早就离开了,声称自己头痛。 She left early, __________________ a headache 3. take up 开始从事,对??发生兴趣; 占据(时间、空间) 运用:根据汉语意思完成英文句子。 (1)约翰在小时侯对网球产生了兴趣。 John ______________________in his childhood. (2)他读高中的时候就开始从事电脑程序的编制,现在已经是这个领域的专家了。 He _____________computer programming when he was at senior school, (3)用 QQ 在网上聊天占用太多的时间,而且很无聊,所以我一点也不喜欢。 Using QQ to chat on line ____________________ and it’s very boring, so I don’t like it at all. (4)我不想把钢琴放在这里,因为它占了太多的空间。 I don’t want the piano to be set here, just because it____________________________. 拓展:完成下列含 take 的短语。 (1)take __________收回(所说的或所写的事) (2)take __________ 拿下; 记下; 拆开 (3)take __________ 脱掉(衣服等); 起飞 (4)take __________呈现 (5)take __________ 取出 (6)take __________ 接管,获得对??的控制或管理 (7)take __________ 小心 (8)take __________ 取得控制或指挥权 (9)take __________ 发生;出现 (10)take ___________ 注意到 4. to tell the truth 说实话,老实说 理解:理解下列各例句的意思。 (1) To tell the truth, I don’t agree with the plan. _________________________________________ (2)To tell the truth, I fell asleep in the middle. _________________________________________ 说明: to tell the truth 为独立成分, 作状语。这类不定式独立成分还有 to make things worse(情况 更糟的是), to begin /start with(首先)等。 5. be filled with?/ be full of 充满??; 装满?? 理解:理解下列各例句的意思。 (1)The hall was filled with angry people. _______________________________ (2)Her eyes were full of tears. ________________________________________ 辨析:be filled 可表示动作,也可以表示状态,而 be full 只能表状态.后面的介词是不同的。 联想: fill?in 填写,填充,装满(in 是副词)
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fill?with? 用??装满?? 运用:完成下列句子。 (1)我用土把洞填满。 I’ll _______ the hole ______earth. (2)请写上你的名字。 Please ________ your name ________. (3)他的书包里装满了书。 His bag was _________________ books. 6. be proud of 以??为自豪 运用:翻译或者完成下列句子。 (1)他为自己是一个中国人而感到自豪。 ____________________________________. (2)期末考试我拿了第一名,我的父母为我感到骄傲。 I got the first place in the final exam. My parents _______________________________. (3)他们为自己的成功而骄傲。 ______________________________________. 辨析(1)be proud of 常表示褒义 (2)be proud about 盛气凌人, 常表示贬义 ◆He has nothing to be proud about. 他没有什么可洋洋得意的。 联想: take pride in 以??自豪 He took pride in what he had done. 我对自己的事情感到沾沾自喜。 7. be/get excited about 对??感到兴奋/ 激动 运用:英汉句子对译。 (1) 对此我感到很兴奋。_________________________ (2)We are all excited about the news that Liu Xiang will come to our school. ________________________________________ 拓展: 用 excite 的适当形式填空。 (1)Don’t __________ oneself. (2)The __________children forgot to take the presents to the party. (3)He told us an __________story. (4)The news caused great ______________. 高级句式: 1.双重否定结构形式: cannot/ could not+ 行为动词+without+名词。其中 without 后还可接动词 —ing 形式。 学以致用:用以上结构翻译下面句子。 (1)没有得到他父母的允许他就不能出去。 ____________________________________________ (2)你不可能不打破鸡蛋就做成煎蛋卷。 ____________________________________________ (3)没有你的帮助,我不可能找到 2.When 引导定语从句意为“在那时”引导状语从句“突然间,在?时,在?后” 翻译下面句子,用 when 引导状语从句或定语从句。 (1)当我们见面后,我将与你讨论这个问题。
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_____________________________________________ (2)星期日是我唯一可以休息的日子。 ____________________________________________ 3.where 引导的是地点状语从句,相当于 in the places where(关系副词),意为 “在??的地方” 。 学以致用:翻译下面句子,用 where 引导地点状语从句。 (1)呆在原地。______________________ (2)许多游客忙着在大笨钟矗立的地方拍照。 _______________________________________________________________ 基础自测(一~二略) 三、词类转换 用所给词的适当形式填空。 1. The people on this island live a _____________(peace) and easy life. 2. She feels too ___________(stress) in her work because there is always too much work to do. 3. Many people are trying to find a __________(relax) job with high pay. 4. Don’t go into too much of others’ __________(person) business. 5. All the visitors were satisfied with the little girl’s ________________(present) this morning. . It was very _____________(crowd) on the bus because there were too many people on it. 7. She will suffer from great ____________(sick) when she gets on a bus. 8. It is a long _____________(distant) between the two cities. 9. There are too many _____________(society) problems in that country. 10. After she _____________(graduation) from college, our teacher has been teaching in our school 四、词组填空 用本单元所学词组的适当形式填空或完成句子。 take up; be filled with; be proud of; switch on, as a result; go off, complain about; suffer from; prepare for; switch off 1. It’s seven o’clock now. Please __________ the TV and I’d like to watch the news. 2. The room is too small and the furniture nearly ____________ the whole room. 3. It’s too late now. Please ____________ the TV and go to bed right now. 4. I ___________________ the examination and I’m sure that I can do it well this time. 5. The telephone _____________ as soon as he walked out of the room. 6. The bag __________________ rice and it is quite heavy indeed. 7. The old man __________________ a serious heart trouble. 8. Don’t __________________ the troubles in your work. 9. We ___________________ our great motherland. 10. He didn’t work hard. _____________ he failed his exam. 六、基础写作 运用本单元所学的部分重要词组和单词,表达以下内容: 最近高一(1)班进行了一场关于生活方式的讨论,一部分的观点是:努力工作,挣很多钱;爱 家人,要让他们过上富裕的生活;娱乐活动浪费时间,尽量不做。另一部分人的观点:努力工作, 但要注意身体健康;经常跟家人在一起,钱不是最重要的;多一些娱乐活动,放松自己。

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