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四川省简阳市 2016高考英语二轮复习 完形填空训练(1)


完形填空二轮训练(1)
完型填空。阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从以下题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项。[记叙文型完形填空] As I held my father's hands one night, I couldn't help but notice their calluses(老 茧) and roughness. His hands tell the story of his life as a farmer,including all his struggles. One summer, I remember,a drought(旱灾) hit Ontario, turning it into a __1__ desert. On one of those hot mornings I was picking sweet corn with my dad to fill the last __2__ from the grocery store. Fifty dozen was all we needed, which __3__ took twenty minutes. That morning, however, the process didn't __4__ quickly.After

forty minutes of aimlessly walking in the field, we __5__ needed twenty dozen. I was completely frustrated and __6__.Dropping the basket heavily,I declared,“If the store wants its last twenty dozen,they can pick it themselves!” Dad __7__ , “Just think, my little girl, only ten dozen left for each of us and then we're done.”Such is Dad—whatever problem he __8__ ,he never gives up. Unfortunately, the disastrous effects of the drought were felt all over our country. It was a challenging time for everyone, __9__ Dad remained optimistic.He continued

to be grateful for other things like good health and food on our plates.Only then did I truly begin to __10__ Dad and his faith that guided us through the hard times. __11__. From dawn to dusk, he works countless

Dad is also a living example of real

hours to support our family.He always puts our happiness __12__ his own, and never fails to cheer me on at my sports games __13__ his exhaustion after long days.His loving and selfless nature has inspired me to become more sympathetic and putting others first. Dad, the life __15__ I have learned from you will stay with me forever.You are my father, teacher, friend and,most importantly,my hero. 1.A.stormy B.lively D.burning __14__ ,

C.disappearing

2.A.order B.form

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C.gap D.position 3.A.repeatedly B.normally

C.finally D.really 4.A.go B.begin

C.occur D.change 5.A.yet B.still C.even D.nearly

6.A.surprised B.nervous C.angry D.frightened 7.A.apologized B.cried

C.complained D.laughed 8.A.meets with B.brings up

C.works out D.thinks about 9.A.or B.for

C.so D.but 10.A.face B.appreciate C.examine D.question 11.A.love B.pride C.friendship D.honesty 12.A.after B.before

C.beside D.under 13.A.in spite of B.in terms of C.in control of D.in place of 14.A.careful B.regretful C.considerate D.humorous 15.A.history B.mottos C.patterns C 【要点综述】 本文是一篇记叙文。作者通过生活中的小事,描述了作为农民的父亲是 一个勤劳、乐观且对家庭充满爱的人。借助此文,作者向父亲表达了深深的爱意,他是作者
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D.lessons

的父亲、老师、朋友,也是作者心目中的英雄。 1.D 考查形容词词义辨析及语境理解。根据空格前的 a drought 以及下一句的 hot mornings 可知,干旱把这个地区变成了一片燃烧的沙漠。stormy 有暴风雨的;lively 活跃 的,生动的;disappearing 正在消失的;burning 燃烧的。 2.A 考查语境理解。根据空格后的 grocery store 可知,作者和父亲正在拾玉米以完 成订单。order 订单,订货;form 形式;gap 裂口,间隙;position 位置,地位。 3.B 考查语境理解。根据空下句中的 however 可知,拾玉米的过程进行得不顺利。此 处表示“通常需要花 20 分钟的时间就能完成。”repeatedly 重复地;normally 正常地; finally 最后,终于;really 确实。 4.A 考查动词词义辨析及语境理解。句意:然而,那天早晨拾玉米的过程进行得并不 顺利。go 进行; begin 开始;occur 发生;change 改变。 5.B 考查语境理解。作者和父亲漫无目的地在地里走着,还需要 20 打玉米。 6.C 考查语境理解。由空格前的 frustrated 可知此处应填 angry。 7.D 考查语境理解。从后面父亲的话语可知,父亲是很乐观的。故选 D。 8.A 考查动词短语辨析及语境理解。句意:这就是“我”的父亲——不管他遇到什么 问题,他从不放弃。meet with 遇到,碰到;bring up 养育,培养,提出;work out 解决, 算出;think about 思考。 9.D 考查语境理解。空格前的 a challenging time 与空格后的 optimistic 构成对比 关系,即对每个人来说那都是一段具有挑战性的时期,但作者的父亲依旧保持着乐观。 10. B 考查动词词义辨析。 face 面对; appreciate 欣赏, 感激; examine 检查; question 问(某人)问题,对(某事物)表示怀疑。根据语境可知选 B。 11.A 考查语境理解。根据下文的“His loving and selfless nature?”可知,此段 是在描述父亲是一个充满爱心的人。 12.B 考查语境理解。句意:他总是把“我们”的幸福置于他自己的幸福之前?? 13. A 考查介词短语辨析及语境理解。 空格前的 cheer me on 与空格后的 his exhaustion 构成逻辑上的对比关系,由此可知空格处缺表示转折的介词短语。in spite of 尽管,虽然; in terms of 就??而言;in control of 控制;in place of 代替,取代。 14.C 考查形容词词义辨析及语境理解。与空格前的 sympathetic 意思相近的是 considerate。句意:他的爱和无私的品质鼓舞“我”变得更有同情心和更加体贴,把别人放 在第一位。
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15.D 考查名词词义辨析及语境理解。history 历史;motto 格言;pattern 模式,图 案;lesson 教训,道理。

【由 2013 界上海市宝山区质量监测改编】 完形填空。 Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Reading involves looking at illustrative symbols and expressing mentally the sounds and ideas they represent. Concepts of reading have changed 1 over the

centuries. During the 1950’s and 1960’s especially, increased attention has been devoted to 2 the reading process. Although experts agree that reading 4 3 a

complex organization of higher mental

, they disagree about the exact nature

of the process. Some experts, who regard language primarily as a code using symbols to represent sounds, sounds they stand for. These authorities 6 that meaning, being concerned with thinking, must be 5 reading as simply the decoding(解码)of symbols into the

taught independently of the decoding process. Others maintain that reading is inexplainably related to thinking, and that a child who pronounces sounds without 7 their meaning is not truly reading. The reader, 9 8 some, is not just a person

with a theoretical ability to read but one who

reads.

Many adults, although they have the ability to read, have never read a book in its 10 . By some experts they would not be 11 as readers. Clearly, the

philosophy, objectives, methods and materials of reading will depend on the definition one use. By the most 13 12 and satisfactory definition, reading is the ability to 14 ,

the sound-symbols code of the language, to interpret meaning for various

at various rates, and at various levels of difficulty, and to do so widely and
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enthusiastically.

15 , reading is the interpretation of ideas through the use of

symbols representing sounds and ideas. 1. A. specifically ridiculously 2. A. understanding substituting 3. A. involves analyzes 4. A. opinions functions 5. A. view 6. A. support 7. A. interpreting 8. A. in addition to as 9. A. completely 10. A. part 11. A. applied 12. A. instructive complicated 13. A. strike 14. A. purposes 15. A. On the other hand B. illustrate B. degrees B. In short C. define C. stages C. By the way D. unlock D. steps D. So far B. carefully B. whole B. granted B. doubtful C. publically C. standard C. classified C. certain D. actually D. straight D. graded D. B. look B. argue B. saying B. for example C. reassure C. attempt C. reciting C. according to D. agree D. compete D. reading D. such B. effects C. manners D. B. concentrates C. specializes D. B. translating C. defining D. B. dramatically C. abstractly D.

【参考答案】1—5、BCADA 6—10、BACDB 11—15、CCDAB

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完形填空 It was unusually quiet in the emergency room on December 25.I didn’t think there would be any__1__,sighing about having to work on Christmas.Just then five bodies__2__at my desk,a pale woman and four children. “Are you all__3__?”I asked. “Yes,” she said weakly and lowered her head. But when it came to__4__of their problems,things got a little uncertain. Two of the children had headaches,two children had earaches,__5__only one could tell me which ear was affected.The__6__complained of a cough but seemed to work to produce it. I didn’t say anything but__7__that it might he a little while__8__a doctor could see her. She responded,“__9__your time;it’s warm in here.” Then,I checked their chart. No address—they were__10__.The waiting room was warm. I went back to the nurses station and mentioned we had a homeless__11__in the waiting room. The nurses,complaining of__12__on Christmas,turned to sympathy for a family just trying to get__13__on Christmas. The team went into action,much as we do when there’s a__14__emergency.But this was a Christmas emergency. We were all__15__a free meal on Christmas Day,so we took back that meal and prepared a big dinner for our__16__.We needed presents.We__17__from different departments candies,fruits and other things__18__that could be presents. As seriously as we met the__19__needs of the patients,our team worked to meet the needs of a family who just wanted to be warm on Christmas. Later,as the family walked to the door to__20__,the four?year?old boy came running back,gave me a hug and whispered,“Thanks for being our angels today.” 【语篇解读】 本文是一篇记叙文。圣诞夜,当我们这些护士为还要继续工作而抱怨时,一 家五口来急诊。当我们了解情况后,纷纷伸出援助之手,让无家可归的一家人度过了一个温 暖的圣诞节。 1.A.customers C.workers B.patients D.tourists

解析 customer 意为“顾客”;patient 意为“病人”;worker 意为“工人”;tourist 意为“游客”。根据下文内容可知,此处是医院,“我”想着圣诞节应该不会再有病人了。 答案 B 2.A.s howed up C.came out B.took in D.looked on

解析 show up 意为“出现”;take in 意为“吸收;欺骗”;come out 意为“出版;结
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果是”;look on 意为“旁观”。根据上下文内容可知,是五个人出现在“我”的办公桌 前。 答案 A 3.A. eager C.sick B.hungry D.warm

解析 由语境可知,此处是在医院,因此我询问他们是不是都病了。 答案 C 4.A. descriptions C.instructions B.comments D.results

解析 description 意为“描述”; comment 意为“评论”; instruction 意为 “说明”; result 意为“结果;成绩”。由语境可知,当他们开始描述他们的病情时,事情就有点 让人摸不着头脑了。 答案 A 5.A. so C.thus B.for D.but

解析 由语境可知,两个孩子说头疼,两个孩子说耳朵疼,但只有一个能告诉“我”是 哪只耳朵疼。这里表示一种转折关系。 答案 D 6.A. mother C.nurses B.children D.doctor

解析 根据上文内容可知,母子共五人来看病,其中四个孩子都说了自己的问题,只剩 下母亲没有说了,因此是孩子的母亲说自己咳嗽了。 答案 A 7.A. answered C.explained B.imagined D.analysed

解析 answer 意为“回答”;imagine 意为“想象”;explain 意为“解释”;analyse 意为“分析”。由语境可知,“我”也没说什么,只是解释说,过会儿医生才会来给她 检查。 答案 C 8.A. after C.before B.since D.when

解析 由语境可知,在医生来之前还得有一会儿。 答案 C 9.A. Make B.Take
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C.Care

D.Spend

解析 make 意为“使得;形成”;take 意为“拿;取”;care 意为“在意”;spend 意 为“度过”。由语境可知,她回答说:“不着急,这里挺暖和的。”take one’s time 意为“不着急”,符合语境。 答案 B 10.A. lonely C.clever B.greedy D.homeless

解析 lonely 意为“孤独的”;greedy 意为“贪婪的”;clever 意为“聪明的”; homeless 意为“无家可归的”。由语境可知,“我”查了下他们的登记表,但登记表上 没有写地址,因此他们是无家可归的。 答案 D 11.A. family C.woman B.holiday D.Christmas

解析 由语境可知,回到护士室,“我”讲述了候诊室里这无家可归的一家子人的事。 答案 A 12.A. operating C.managing B.interrupting D.working

解析 operate 意为“手术;操作”;interrupt 意为“中断”;manage 意为“管理”; work 意为“工作”。由语境可知,原本抱怨圣诞节还要上班的护士们,都转而同情起在 圣诞节只祈求温暖的这家人了。 答案 D 13.A. present C.relief B.warm D.comfort

解析 present, 意为“礼物”; warm 意为“温暖”; relief 意为“救济; 安慰”; comfort 意为“安慰”。根据上文内容可知,这家人在圣诞节来到医院,是为了寻找温暖。 答案 B 14.A. beneficial C.medical B.friendly D.different

解析 beneficial 意为“有益的”; friendly 意为“友好的”; medical 意为“医学的”; different 意为“不同的”。由语境可知,这个团队马上展开行动,就好像我们对待医疗 紧急情况一样,只不过这次是“圣诞节急诊”。 答案 C 15.A. rewarded C.allowed B.offered D.ordered
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解析 reward 意为“奖励”; offer 意为“提供”; allow 意为“允许”; order 意为“命 令”。由语境可知,圣诞节这天,医院食堂免费给我们提供一顿饭。 答案 B 16.A. neighbors C.brothers B.relations D.guests

解析 neighbor 意为“邻居”;relation 意为“关系”;brother 意为“兄弟”;guest 意为“客人”。由语境可知,我们把饭领回来,为我们的圣诞客人准备了一场大的宴会。 答案 D 17.A. borrowed C.collected B.received D.bought

解析 由语境可知,我们从不同的科室收集了糖和水果。collect from 意为“收集”, 符合语境。 答案 C 18.A. expensive C.generous B.fantastic D.available

解析 expensive 意为“昂贵的”;fantastic 意为“奇异的;极好的”;generous 意为 “慷慨的”;available 意为“可得的;可利用的”。由语境可知,除了糖和水果,还有 一些能当做礼物的可以利用的东西。 答案 D 19.A. healthy C.tragic B.physical D.mental

解析 healthy 意为“健康的”;physical 意为“身体的;物理的”;tragic 意为“悲 剧的:不幸的”;mental 意为“精神的;脑力的”。由语境可知,我们的团队工作严肃, 就像满足患者的身体需要一样,我们尽力满足这家人只想过一个温暖圣诞节的愿望。 答案 B 20.A. leave C.rest B.travel D.relax

解析 由语境可知,当这家人走到门前要离开的时候,那个四岁的孩子跑回来,给了 “我”拥抱和感谢。 答案 A

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