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广东省惠阳高级中学2014-2015学年高二上学期第一次段考英语试题 Word版含答案


2014-2015 年度高二第一学期第一次段考英语试题
出题人:潘忠惠、刘文、骆雯明 Ⅰ语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1-15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选 出最佳选项。 Sixteen-year- old Josh is a junior high school student. He was running a five-kilometre race in a field of 261____1____on Sept. 16. With the race less than half done, he ___2_____a scream and saw a runner he didn ’t know crumpled( 瘫倒 )in a lot of ___3_____----holding a bleeding ankle. Josh offered help. With his own coach trying to figure out why Josh hadn’t passed the halfway mark as expected, his coach spotted him soon. “I was____4____ what was going and why he was so far back,” said Scott Clark. “ Then I saw Josh. he had got the kid in his____5______.” The ____6_____athlete was Mark, a student from another junior high school. Josh just picked him up without saying anything and started carrying him and trying to_____7______him down, saying, “ It’s going to be OK. I’m going to _____8______you to your coaches. ” Josh carried Mark about a quarter mile! he handed him off to his____9____and then----completely last in the field of runners now---sped off to start his race again. He_____10______50 kids to finish 211th out of 261 runners. When_____11_____by one teammate why he had fallen so far behind after the race, he____12____said, “Oh, I picked up a kid.” No excuses. No explanation. No disappointment. He just finished what he had started. Mark ’ s ankle____13_____fully a week later and then he personally thanked Josh at his home. “Josh has_____14_____me again that there are wonderful people out there. They are always doing kind and good things with no____15_____of being noticed or rewarded,” he said. 1. A. competitors B. audiences C. lines D. events 2. A. predicted B. guessed C. suspected D. heard 3. A. trouble B. pain C. fear D. struggle 4. A. preparing B. discovering C. wondering D. realizing 5. A. feet B. arms

C. shoulders 6. A. awful C. worried 7. A. turn C. calm 8. A. arrange C. remove 9. A. coaches C. friends 10. A. followed C. led 11. A. told C. repeated 12. A. simply C. actually 13. A. suffered C. recovered 14. A. supported C. reminded 15. A. imagination C. surprise

D. B. D. B. D. B. D. B. D. B. D. B. D. B. D. B. D. B. D. B. D.

steps damaged injured take put get attach relatives roommates encouraged passed warned asked exactly generally ached developed suggested required expectation permission

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 。 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入 一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 One day the employees of a large company in St.Louis, Missouri returned from their lunch break. They were greeted with ____16_____sign on the front door. The sign said, “Yesterday the person who had been preventing your growth in this company passed away. We invited you to join the funeral( 葬 礼)____17_____(prepare)in the gym. At first everyone was sad to hear that one of their colleagues had died, _____18____after a while they started getting curious____19___ who this person might be. The ____20_____(excite)grew as the employees arrived at the gym to pay_____21_____last respects. One by one the employees got close to the coffin( 棺材). When they looked inside it, they____22_____(sudden)became speechless. They stood by the coffin, shocked and____23____silence.They stood there as if someone_____24______(touch) the deepest part of their soul. There was a mirror inside the coffin: everyone ____25_____looked inside it could see himself. There was also a sign next to the mirror that said, “There is

only one person who is capable to set limits to your growth: it is you.” Ⅱ阅读(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 A My dad is a wonderful man. He worked hard all his life and has never let me down. If one person influenced me to go to college and become a better person, it’s him. I moved in with my dad a few years ago. Every morning he would wake up at 4 am. He would do some writing and then leave for work. He would get off work at 5 pm and spend the remaining day with his family. Any time I needed him, he was there for me. He was a great role model. My dad is a typical family man. He bends over backwards to support his family. He supported us financially and emotionally. My dad is the reason why I try to support my son as best as I can. He is also the reason why I have decided to spend less time with friends and more time with family. Now I’m a much better woman. I have a son of my own. I once worked hard on my studies in school and now do well in my work. My dad became a manager in less than three years and I hope to do the same. I have worked for the same company for one and a half years now. I have got two raises. I remember I worked extremely hard in school. I never missed a day and I never went to school late. I graduated in July two years ago. This was only the first step to becoming a psychologist. My father is an expert in this field. But I’m proud that I never rely on his reputation. My father is more than 2,000 miles away, but I never forget what he did for us. Every time work gets really hard, I think of my dad. Every time I feel like giving up I think of him. 26. What is affected by the author’s father? A. She wants a big family. B. She makes a lot of friends. C. She spends more time with her family. D. She values family more than work. 27. What does the underlined phrase “ bends over backwards ” in Paragragh 2 probably mean? A. Be friendly to others. B. Try to save every penny. C. Do a lot of housework. D. Make a great effort. 28.What do we know about the author’s work? A. She has become a famous psychologist.

B. She does well and has been awarded. C. She plans to found her own workshop. D. She never missed a day in her company. 29. We can infer from this passage that___________. A. the author is working in the same field as her father. B. the author regrets not spending too much time with friends. C. the author’s father went to work at 4 am every day. D. the author has moved back and is living with her father. 30. Which of the following can describe the author’s father best? A. Friendly, careful and patient. B. Strict, selfless and hard-working. C. Hard-working, responsible and knowledgeable. D. Kind, thoughtful, and humorous. B A good friend of mine lives about one hour away. I called her last week and found out that she wasn’t doing well at work, which would make the following year a little more challenging. After hanging up the phone, I decided to offer to help her, but I couldn’t think of what to do. However, opportunities present themselves when you’re not even looking for. A few days later, some friends and I happened to be eating desserts at a restaurant in her city. As we were looking at the menu, I turned to my friends and asked them if they wanted to join in a game. After explaining the idea, they decided to take 15 minutes to make someone’s day. We ordered an extra dessert, wrote a note, added a smile card and were off. However, there was one problem: I had no idea where she was. Therefore, it was time to rely on the network. I called up a friend and got him to call her to see what she was doing and found out that she was at work. We drove to her work place and one of my friends became the delivery(投 递)person. He went in to look for my friend, found her, didn ’t really answer her questions and walked out, saying he’s simply delivery person. He ran out quickly and I bent down as we drove by to make sure she didn ’ t follow him out. Afterwards, all of us had this huge smile on our faces. We felt as if we had just planned a surprise party or something. A simple opportunity turned into a moment that many of us can now share. 31. Why is the following year a little more challenging for the author’ s friend? A. Because she lives too far away from work. B. Because she was out of work. C. Because she didn’t do well at work.

D. Because she failed a test. 32. In Paragraph 2, the underlined phrase “ make someone ’ s day ” probably means “make someone________”. A. happy B. busy C. surprised D. satisfied 33. The author got to know where her friend was by____________. A. asking another friend to call her B. asking her friend herself by phone C. asking what she was doing directly D. asking her friend herself on the Internet 34. When given the dessert, the author’s friend_________. A. refused the offer B. knew the entire thing C. asked some questions D. followed the delivery person out 35. The author and her friends might feel _______at last. A. grateful B. joyful C. pitiful D.fearful C A new semester has just started and a number of parents are registering to change their children’s names, in the hope that it will change their temper or help their children drop bad habits, like addiction to the Internet. One mother surnamed Shi renamed her son, a primary school student, Hengfu, which means eternal(永恒的)happiness in Chinese. She decided to change the boy’s name because he always did poorly in study. She has had him tutored after school, but he always earns low marks in school. So Shi turned to a name-giving master. “I hope the special recipe could bring him good luck,” the mother said. Teachers in the city say a few students in every school, most nearing graduation, change their names at the start of every new semester. A naming agency said it has found names for nearly 1,000 students since setting up the shop in 1998. The store said its professionals analyzed the defects (缺点) of a person’s original name, and suggested a new one based on the person’s birthday and other fortune-telling skills. Buying a new name costs between 800 yuan and 10,000 yuan. Parents also have to register the name at the local police department for a small fee. This will legally change their child’s name on all documents, including ID cards and passports. Hu Jie, a university student who changed her name in her final year of high school, said the new name confused her. “I always had no idea who my classmates were calling when they used my new name,” Hu said, adding that she wished she had kept her old name.

But parents may be ignoring one thing: name changes might encourage kids to believe that fate is more important than their own efforts. 36. What’s the meaning of the underlined word in the first paragraph? A..上瘾 B. 适应 C.加法 D.除??之外 37. Which of the following is NOT the reason why parents change the names of children? A. They want their children to get rid of bad habits. B. They want the new names to bring good luck to their children. C. They want their children to love them more. D. They want their children to improve their grades. 38. What does the underlined phrase “the special recipe” in the second paragraph mean? A. The special food that the mother cooks for her son. B. The instructions for her son’s study after school. C. Turning to a name-giving master. D. The change of her son’s name. 39. What is the writer’s attitude towards parents’ renaming their children? A. Negative. B. Positive. C. Doubtful. D. Interested. 40. From the passage, we learn that ________. A. students are very satisfied with their names being changed B. name changes may have a bad effect on the development of children C. naming agencies change the names of children by scientific evidence D. to register the new name at the police department is usually free of charge D Settled by the Celts, invaded by the Romans and the Normans, and ruled by the English, Wales’ population has regularly changed over the ages. Wales, particularly South Wales, became a melting pot of European nationalities and cultures. At first workers from England, Ireland and the rural areas of Wales rushed into the coalfields of South Wales. By 1911, workers from Ireland, Italy and Spain had joined the industrial workforce there. Many of these newcomers were prepared to work for less pay. But during this period, workers, dissatisfied with regular pay cuts, poor safety, the growing trend of employers to pay workers with tokens (代 币), which could only be spent in the company store, returned to the land. In 1891, the rural population of Wales was about 616,000 and by 1911 just over 649,000 people lived and worked in these areas. The rural population continues to grow slowly even today. People from richer parts of the UK, particularly southern England, are buying

holiday or retirement homes in Wales. In some areas this has led to a shortage of affordable(可负担的) housing for local people. This, combined with the lack of employment prospects in rural Welsh communities, has started a new movement of people in search of jobs and homes into the towns and cities of Wales and to other parts of the UK and Europe. As so many Welsh people have migrated to other countries over the last 200 years, it’s really no surprise that many visitors come to see friends and relatives — there were 229,000 visitors in 1998. These visitors strengthen their links to their land of origin and continue to support the Welsh economy. During the hot summer days, about 28% of the visitors visit the countryside and nearly 70% visit the seaside. 41. Why was South Wales so attractive to people in the early 20th century? A. Because it was rich in many different kinds of culture. B. Because people could get the highest pay there. C. Because its coal industry needed a large number of workers. D. Because people could buy holiday or retirement homes there. 42. What does the writer want to tell us in the second paragraph? A. Welsh workers couldn’t get any pay for their work. B. The rural population of Wales didn’t decline at this time. C. Many people got tired of city life at this time. D. The working conditions were terrible at this time. 43. From the last paragraph, we learn that most visitors come to Wales for the purpose of _____. A. visiting their friends and relatives B. supporting the Welsh economy C. enjoying a cool and pleasant summer D. all of the above 44. What would be the best title for the passage? A. Tourism, the main economic source of Wales. B. Wales, a land with a promising past and future. C. Wales, the biggest melting pot of Europe. D. Wales, a land with a population on the move. 45. Which of the following statement is NOT true? A .Wales became a melting pot of European nationalities and cultures. B. Tokens (代币) can be used in any store. C. By 1911, workers from Ireland, Italy and Spain had joined the industrial workforce. D. People buying holiday or retirement homes in Wales led to a shortage of housing for local people.

第二节:信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 请阅读下列应用文和相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息,如果选 E 就在答题卡上涂 AB 来代表 E,如果选 F 在答题卡上涂 CD 来代表 F。 首先,请阅读下列中国旅游城市的介绍: A.Beijing For travelers in China, Beijing is a must, as it is a political and cultural center and it offers many scenic attractions. Foods are very popular with tourists as well, such as authentic (真正的) Beijing roast duck and instant-boiled mutton. B. Shanghai You know what? Shanghai is one of the developed cities in China. It is a commercial (商业的) and industrial (工业的) city. Tourists will be satisfied with what the city supplies, from various snacks and cakes to handcrafts and textiles. Spring and autumn are the best seasons to visit the city. C. Suzhou and Hangzhou Suzhou and Hangzhou are two cities near Shanghai. They were once described by Italian traveler Marco Polo as the most beautiful and prosperous (繁 荣的)cities in the world. Both of them are called “Paradise (天堂) on Earth”. D. Xi’an Xi’an is the capital of Shanxi Province. It dates back over 2,000 years as an ancient capital which served as the capital for many dynasties in the Chinese history. It is also the starting pointing of the famous ancient Silk Road. The life-size terra cotta soldiers and horses of the Qin Dynasty are described as the “Eighth Wonder of the world”. E. Harbin If you want to travel in winter, Harbin is particularly good for sightseeing in January and February. If you have never seen any snow, you may enjoy the ice festival and even go skiing and skating in this world of snow. F. Kunming Kunming is regarded as “Scenic City of Eternal Spring” because of its year-round spring weather. You may find almost every kind of Asian flowers there. 以下是几个人物的信息,请将人物与旅游城市匹配起来。 46. The Whites want to visit China recently. They are fond of Asian cultures. They are both professors of botany, who are interested in the study of species(物种). They expect to discover new species of plants, especially about flowers that no one has ever seen during the trip.

47. Tony is a British young man who likes to play online games. He learns a lot about world history while playing games. Tony is very fond of the history of ancient China and curious about how Qin Shi Huang managed to unite all the seven states. 48. Mark is a sport lover. His hobbies include horse-riding, wrestling, boating, skating and skiing. He is looking forward to a trip with his parents next winter holiday when he can have fun on the snow. 49. Jack is a retired (退休的)teacher in Texas. He has been teaching for over 30 years. He enjoys traveling and tasting all kinds of food in other countries. Recently his friends invited him to a city in China, where he could have some traditional Chinese food such as duck cooked in a special way. 50. Lily is a middle school student who loves reading. Among all her books, she loves the one written by Marco Polo describing a place called “Paradise on Earth” best. She always dreams about taking a trip there one day. Ⅲ 读写综合(共 55 分) 第一节单词拼写和完成句子(共 40 分) 51. I am __________ (delight) to find that most of the students can speak English fluently. 52. The beauty of the West Lake is beyond __________ (describe). 53. The Temple of Heaven is a tourist __________ (attract) in Beijing. 54. After long discussion, they arrived at the same __________ (conclude). 55. Once people have tasted of freedom they're __________ (willing) to become slaves again. 56. Through his sense of humor, he made learning more __________ (enjoy) and more lasting. 57. The Chinese people make a greater __________ (contribute) to mankind. 58. The boss is __________ (caution) about making promises. 59. Nowadays many parents make efforts to _________ ( 安排 ) for their children to go abroad. 60. This examination is a real __________(挑战). 61. We should hold a __________(积极的) attitude towards life. 62. That reminds me that I have a meeting to __________(参加) this evening 63. The children listened for the clock to __________(宣布) the New Year. 64. His job __________(组成)of helping old people who live alone. 65. This is a __________ (污染)river . 66. There is no known __________ (治愈)but the illness can be treated. 67.我只有找到工作才能有足够的钱继续大学的学业. Only if I get a job _____ ______ _____ enough money to continue my studies

at college. 68. 请在你方便的时候来。 Please come _____ _____ _____.. 69.作为老师,我们应该对学生很严格。 As a teacher, we should _____ _______ ______ students. 70.没有人能代替妈妈。 No one can ________ ______ _______ of mum. 71.当我进来时,他们正在全神贯注地讨论. When I went in,they _____ _____ _____ a heated discussion. 72.不要总是把自己的失败归咎于他人;有时候你自己才应受责备. Don’t always blame your own failure on others; sometimes you _____ _____ _____ 73.孩子们被分成四组,开始做游戏. The children _____ _____ _____ four groups before they started the game. 74.当他醒来时,他发现自己被绑在树上 He _____ _____ _____ to the tree when he woke up. 第二节基础写作(共 15 分) 根据以下信息用英语写一篇短文介绍袁隆平教授。 基本信息 1、 1937 年 9 月 7 日出生于重庆的一个贫困的家庭。 自幼刻苦学习, 酷爱农业科学; 2、自从 1953 年大学毕业以后,他已经研究水稻近半个世纪,一直在为世界农业 默默耕耘。 主要成绩 1、 由于他的研究,我国水稻产量快速增长,为很多国家解决了粮食不足的问题; 2、 他被誉为“杂交水稻之父” ; 3、 虽然他很出名,但是他过着简朴的生活,不计名利。 [写作要求] 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章连贯。

2014-2015 年度高二第一学期第一次段考英语答题卷
第二部分 语法填空(共 10 题,每题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
16
座位号:

17 21

18 22

19 23

20

24

25

第三部分 读写综合(共两节,满分 50 分)
第一节 单词拼写和完成句子(共 24 小题,每空 1 分,满分 40 分) 51 55 59 63 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 52 56 60 64 53 57 61 65 54 58 62 66

第二节: 基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分)

2014-2015 年度高二第一学期第一次段考英语试题参考答案
第一部分语言知识及应用 第一节完形填空(共 30 分,毎空 2 分) 1-5 ADBCB 6-10DCBAD 11-15DACCB

第二节语法填空(共 15 分,毎空 1.5 分) 16.a 17. prepared 18.but 19. about 20 excitement 21. their 22.suddenly 23.in 24. had

touched 25. who 第二部分阅读和信息匹配(共 50 分) 26-30CDBAC 46-50 FDEAC 31-35CAACB 36_40ACDAB 41_45CBDDB

第三部分读写综合(共 55 分) 第一节单词拼写和完成句子(共 40 分) 51.delighted 52.description 53.attraction 54.conclusion 55.unwilling 56.enjoyable 57.contribution 58.cautious 59.arrange 60.challenge 61.positive 62.attend 63.announce 64.consists 65. polluted 66.cure 67.can I have 68.at your convenience 69.be strict with 70.take the place 71. were absorbed in 72.are to blame 73.were divided into 74.found himself tied 第二节参考范文(共 15 分) Born in a poor family in Chongqing on September 7,1937,Yuan Longping studied hard, showing great interest in agriculture. As a matter of fact ,since his graduation from university in 1953,Yuan has done research on rice for over half a century, devoting all his time and energy to the study of agriculture. Because of his research, China’s rice production is increasing rapidly ,solving the problem of the lack of food for many countries ,As a result ,he is honored as “Father of Hybrid Rice” and was rewarded with many prizes for his great contributions to the world. Though he is famous, he lives a simple life and cares little about money and fame.


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