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高考英语二轮复习:专题限时训练(三) [议论文型完形填空]


专题限时训练(三) [议论文型完形填空] (限时:每篇 15 分钟) A 已用 Years ago, when I was looking for my first job, wise advisers told me, “Barbara, be enthusiastic! Enthusiasm will take you __1__ than any amount of experience.” How right they were! Enthusiastic people can turn a(n) __2__ drive into an adventure, extra work into an opportunity and strangers into friends. “Nothing great was ever __3__ without enthusiasm.” wrote Waldo Emerson. It took years and years for the early work of Barbara McClintock, a geneticist who won the 1983 Nobel Prize in medicine, to be __4__ accepted. Yet she didn't stop working on her experiments. Work was such a deep __5__ for her that she never __6__ stopping. It is hope that gives enthusiastic people such a youthful air, whatever their __7__. At 90, musician Pablo Casals would start his day by playing Bach, which was an exciting thing that made life a neverending __ 8__. Elizabeth Layton was 68 when she began to draw. This activity __9__ the depression that she had suffer ed from for 30 years, and the __10__ of her work led one critic (评论家) to say, “Elizabeth had rediscovered her __11__. ” How do you rediscover the enthusiasm of your childhood? The answer, I believe, __12__ the word itself. “Enthusiasm” comes from the Greek and means “God within”. And “God within” is __13__ else but a sense of love—proper love of self that is selfacceptance and from that, love of others. Enthusiastic people also __14__ what they do, regardless of money or fame or power. If we cannot do what we love as a fulltime career, we can do it as a parttime __15__. 1.A.further B.less C.better D.farther 2.A.interesting B.long C.boring D.short 3.A.discovered B.achieved C.sought D.described 4.A.frankly B.generally C.honestly D.warmly 5.A.pleasure B.success C.feeling D.love 6.A.made up B.remembered of C.started with D.thought of 7.A.thought B.energy C.look D.age 8.A.routine B.adventure C.trip D.travel 9.A.ended B.completed C.began D.started 10.A.amount B.quality C.beauty D.atmosphere 11.A.enthusiasm B.strength

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C.advantage D.powe r 12.A.consists of B.dates from C.lies in D.belongs to 13.A.something B.anything C.nothing D.none 14.A.hate B.love C.doubt D.consider 15.A.goal B.task C.interest D.assignment B 已用 Children model themselves largely on their parents.They do so mainly through identification.Children identify with a parent when they believe they have the qualities and feelings that are __1__ of that parent.The things parents do and say—and the __2__ they do and say to them—therefore strongly influence a child's __3__.However, parents must consistently behave like the type of __4__ they want their child to become.A parent's actions __5__ affect the selfimage that a child forms through identification.Children who see mainly positive qualities in their __6__ will likely learn to see themselves in a positive way.Children who observe chiefly __7__ qualities in their parents will have difficulty seeing positive qualities in themselves.Children may __8__ their selfimage, however, as they become increasingly __9__ by peers' group standards before they reach thirteen. Isolated events, even dramatic ones, do not necessarily have a permanent __10__on a child's behavior.Children interpret such events according to their established attitudes and previous training.Children who know they are loved can, __11__, accept the divorc e of their parents or a parent's early __12__.But if children feel unloved, they may interpret such events as a sign of rejection or punishment. In the same way, all children are not influenced __13__ by toys and games, reading matter, and television programs.__14__ in the case of a dramatic change in family relations, the __15__ of an activity or experience depends on how the child interprets it. 1.A.informed B.characteristic C.conceived D.indicative 2.A.gesture B.expression C.way D.extent 3.A.behavior B.words C.mood D.reactions 4.A.person B.humans C.creatures D.adult 5.A.in turn B.nevertheless C.also D.as a result 6.A.eyes B.parents C.peers D.behaviors 7.A.negative B.cheerful C.various D.complex 8.A.modify B.copy C.give up D.continue

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9.A.mature C.unique 10.A.idea C.stamp 11.A.luckily C.at most 12.A.death C.advice 13.A.even C.alike 14.A.Oh C.Right 15.A.result C.scale

B.influenced D.independent B.wonder D.effect B.for example D.theoretically B.rewards D.teaching B.at all D.as a whole B.Alas D.As B.effect D.cause

C If you were to begin a new job tomorrow, you would bring with you some basic strengths and weaknesses.Success or __1__ in your work would depend on your ability to use your strengths and weaknesses to the best __2__.Of the utmost importance i s your attitude.If a person who __3__ a job convinced that he isn't going to like it or is __4__ that he is going to ail, he is exhibiting a weakness.On the other hand, a person who is secure in his __5__ that he is probably as capable of doing the work as anyone else and who is willing to make a __6__ attempt at it possesses a certain strength of purpose.The chances are that he will do well.__7__some skills for a particular job is a strength.Lacking those skills is obviously a weakness.A carpenter who can't cut a straight line with a saw __8__ a hopeless case. This book has been designed to help you capitalize on the strength and overcome the __9__ that you bring to the job of learning.But in groups to measure your development, you must first __10__ stock of somewhere you stand now.As we get __11__ along in the book, we'll __12__ in some detail with specific processes for developing and strengthening __13__ skills.However, to begin with, you should pause to examine your present strengths and weaknesses in three areas that are __14__ to your success or failure in school: your __15__, your reading and communication skills, and your study habits. 1.A.improvement B.victory C.failure D.achievement 2.A.sense B.advantage C.weakness D.value 3.A.begins B.refuses C.loses D.struggles 4.A.ensure B.certain C.sure D.surely 5.A.body B.rule C.work D.belief 6.A.bad B.disappointed C.worse D.cheerful 7.A.Have B.Had

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C.Having D.Had been 8.A.being B.been C.are D.is 9.A.idea B.weakness C.strength D.advantage 10.A.make B.take C.do D.give 11.A.further B.deep C.farther D.down 12.A.deal B.dealt C.be dealt D.be dealing 13.A.learnt B.learned C.learning D.learn 14.A.critical B.favorite C.good D.special 15.A.intelligence B.work C.attitude D.weakness 专题限时训练(三) A 【解题导语】 如果没有热情,一个人将一事无成。诺贝尔医学奖的获得者芭芭拉· 麦克 林托克、杰出的西班牙音乐家帕勃罗· 卡萨尔斯用自己的亲身经历告诉我们这一道理。 1. A 热情会比大量的经验带给你更大的成功。take sb. far 使??前途远大。further 更 高程度的,更进一步的;farther (距离、时间上)更远的,较远的。 2.C 热情的人能把一次“乏味的(boring)”驱车变成一次冒险。 3.B 如果没有热情,一个人将一事无成。achieve 表示“达到,获得,如愿以偿”。 discover“发现,找出”;seek“寻求,探求”;describe“描述,形容”。 4.B 经历了好多好多年才使得自己早期的工作得到社会的广泛(generally)认可。 5. A 工作对她来说是如此快乐的事情,以至于她从来没有想过要停下来。 6.D 解析见上一题。 7.D 正是一种期望使得那些热情的人始终保持年轻态,无论他们的年龄如何。 8. B 对于卡萨尔斯来说,音乐是使人生变成无止境的探索之旅的灵丹妙药。此处与开 头的 adventure 相呼应。 9. A 这项活动结束了(end)困扰她至少 30 年的悲伤情绪。 10. B 她绘画作品的质量使得一位评论家这样说道,“我不得不承认雷顿是个天 才。”amount 数量;quality 质量;beauty 美丽;atmosphere 气氛。 11. A 根据下文“rediscover the enthusiasm of your childhood”可知, 伊丽莎白又找回了她 的“热情”。 12. C 问题的答案在于这个词本身。consist of“包含,由??组成”;date from“起源 于,追溯到”;lie in“在于”;belong to“属于”。 13. C “内在的上帝”不是别的,而是一份爱——恰当的自爱,即自我接受,并推及 于他人。 14. B 热情的人们热爱他们所做的事, 而不是考虑钱、 名誉或权力。 hate“憎恨, 讨厌”; love“热爱,爱”;doubt“怀疑,疑虑”;consider“考虑”。 15. C 如果我们不能把热爱的 事作为正式职业,我们也可把它当作兴趣爱好(interest)。

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B 1 . B 文中的意思是“??代表他父母特点的品质和情感 ”。 inform“通知”; conceive“想象”;indicative“指示的”;characteristic“特点,特性”。 2.C 这里 way 是指父母的行为方式。gesture 手势;expressio n 表情;extent 范围,这 三项与上下文不符。 3.A 这里是说父母的行为方式对孩子的行为影响很大。behavior 行为;words 语言; mood 心情;reactions 反应,均不符合题意。 4 . A 这里是说父母必须始终如一地表现出想让他们的孩子成为的那种类型的人。 human“人类”;creature“生物”;adult“成年人”。 5.C 前面是说父母的言行会强烈地影响孩子的行为,这里是说父母的行动还影响孩 子的自我形象,所以用 also。in turn 依次;nevertheless 然而;as a result 结果。 6. B 根据下文 Children who observe chiefly ? qualities in their parents?可以看出答案。 7.A 由上句 positive 可以推测出此处要选其反义词 negative。 8.A 由 however 可以看出,这句话的意思是对前面“子女的自我形象要受到父母的 言行影响”的转折。modify“修改,修饰”。 9. B influenced“受影响的”; mature“成熟的”; unique“唯一的”; independent“独 立的”。句后用 by?作介词短语,故此处需要一个过去分词。 10.D 这里是说“孤立的事件,甚至是富有戏剧性的事,都不一定会对孩子的行为产 生永久的影响”。have an effect on“对??产生影响”,固定搭配。 11.B 逗号后面的一句是对前句的解释,是举例说明,故选 for example。 12.A 这里 or 连接的两个词都应是意义相似的令人不愉快的事,选项中与 divorce 相 对应的词只有 death。 13.C 这句是说并不是所有的孩子都同样地受到玩具、游戏、读物、电视节目的影响。 alike“同样地”,意思最接近。 14.D as“正如??”;A、B 项是感叹词,后面多用逗号。right 在意思上不合适。 15.B 本句意为:家庭关系的突然变化或某种经历对孩子的影响取决于他们对这些事 如何理解。result“结果”;effect“影响”;scale“刻度”;cause“原因”。 C 1.C 本句的意思是:工作上的成功或失败在很大程度上取决于你是否能扬长避短。 improvement 改进;victory 胜利;achievement 成果,成就。这三个词都不合题意,只有选项 C 最合适。 2.B 3.A 本句的意思是:如果一个刚刚开始工作的人深信自己不会喜欢或肯定不适应这 项工作,那么阻碍他成功的缺点就暴露出来了。 4.C or 后面省略了主语 he。ensure 保证;certain 肯定的,只能用于 it 作主语的句子 里;surely 确实地;sure 肯定的。 5.D in one's belief 相信。 6.D 此处表示与上一句所述情况相反,应选有积极意义的词,故选 D。 7.C 本句的意思是:具有某一工作需要的必要技能是一个优势。此处作句子的主语, 故选动名词 Having。 8.D 本句主语是 A carpenter,根据主谓一致原则,其谓语应当用单数 is,而不是复数 are。being, been 都是分词,应该排除。 9.B 此处的意思是“克服缺点”,应选 weakness(缺点,弱点)。idea 观点;strength 优点;advantage 优势。

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10.B 固定短语 take stock of 意为“对??估价,对??作出判断”。 11.A 此处的意思是“随着更深入的阅读”,故选 further“深入,进一步地”。 12.D 选项 A、B、C 分别是 deal(处理,论述,涉及)的原形、过去分词及被动语态。 根据语法和语义,此处应填将来进行时,意思是“随着书中内容的进一步深入,我们将详细 论述发展和加强学习技能的具体过程。” 13.C 根据上下文,这里应当指“学习技能”。 14.A 15.C 本句对全文进行总结概括,与文章的开头相呼应;再由?the utmost importance is your attitude 可知选 attitude。

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