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高一英语新课标(人教版)课文详解必修一-unit


高中英语课文详解及考点连接

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必修一 I. Vocabulary:
add up 合计 upset ignore

Unit 1

Friendship
pack
vi. & vt. 捆扎;包装;打行李

in order to 为了…… at dusk 在黄昏时刻 thunder vi. 打雷;雷鸣 n.雷;雷声 entire swap power curtain dusty adj. 整个的;完全的; vt. 交换 n. 能力;力量;权力 n. 窗帘;门帘;幕布 adj. 积满灰尘的 entirely adv.

adj. 心烦意乱的;不安的; vt. 不理睬;忽视

pack sth. up 将东西装箱打包 suitcase overcoat teenager goosip n. 手提箱 n. 大衣;外套 n. 十几岁的青少年 与……相处;进展

不适的; vt. 使不安;使心烦

calm vt. & vi. (使)静; (使)镇定 adj. 平静的;镇静的;沉着的 (使)镇定下来 have got to 不得不;必须 concern vt. 担忧;涉及;关系到 n. 担心;关注 be concerned about 关心;挂念 walk the dog 遛狗 loose adj. 松的;松开的 go through 经历;经受 set down 记下;放下;登记 series n. 连续;系列 adv. 在户外;在野外 a series of 一连串的;一系列;一套 outdoors

get along with

calm … down (使)平静下来; item n. 项目;条款 face to face 面对面地

vi. & n. 闲话;闲谈; 长舌妇

fall in love 相爱;爱上 exactly adv. 确实如此;正是;确切地 disagree grateful dislike spellbind on purpose 故意 be/get rid of recover
重新获得

vi. 不同意
adj. 感激的;表示感谢的

no longer / not … ang longer
不再… (与延续性动词连用)

vt. 不喜欢;厌恶 vt. (spellbound,

join in 参加;加入 spellbound) 迷住;迷惑 对……厌烦

partner n. 伙伴;合作者;合伙人 settle vi. 安家;定居;停留 vt. 使定居;安排;解决 loneliness highway n. 孤单;寂寞 n. 公路;大路

vi. & vt. 痊愈;恢复;

Reading ANNE’S BEST FRIEND 安妮最好的朋友 Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts? 译文:你需要一位可以倾诉衷肠的朋友吗?比如倾诉你的感情和思想。 【注释: whom you could II.
tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts 是定语从句,修饰限定先行词 a friend,而 whom 是关 系代词作 to 的宾语, 用来指代前面的先行词 friend; 从句中运用了 tell sth. to sb.意思为: 告诉某人某事; like your deepest feelings and thoughts 并列列举出了 everything 的部分内容, 也可用 such as 替换 like,表示 “比如” 。 】

Or are you afraid that your friend would laugh at you, or would not understand what you are going through? 译文:你是害怕你的朋友嘲笑你呢,还是担心你的朋友不理解你所经历的呢?【注释:
第一个 or 紧紧承接上文,与上文构成选择关系;第二个 or 用来连接两个并列谓语“would laugh at you 和 would not understand what you are going through”,表示选择关系,其中的“what you are going through”为 understand 的宾语从句;laugh at 嘲笑;go through 经历,检查,练习,遭受,完成。 】Anne Frank wanted

the first kind, so she made her best friend.译文:安妮弗兰克想要的是第一种情况,所以她交了最好的朋
友。 【注释:make friends with sb.与……交朋友】

Anne lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War II.译文:安妮在二战期间住在荷 兰的阿姆斯特丹。 Her family was Jewish so they had to hid or they would be caught by the German Nazis.译文:她的家人是犹太人所以他们必须躲藏起来,否则就会被德国纳粹抓起来。 【注释:so
引导的前后为因果关系;or 表示“否则,要不然” ; be caught by…表示“被…抓起来” ; “be + 过去分词” 构成被动语态。 】 She and her family hid away for nearly twenty-five months before they were

discovered. 译文:她和她的家人躲藏几乎 25 月之后才被发现。 【注释:①hide away 意为“躲藏起来” 。
②nearly 意为 “几乎, 将近” , 后跟确定的数字, 而 almost 则表示模糊不定的概念, 如: In the hall it was almost dark.大厅里几乎一片漆黑。③before 表示“在…以前” ,用以表示从句动作发生之前的时间,译法灵活。(1) 强调从句动作发生在主句之前,意为“不等……就……”。例如:She was angry before I could explain to her. 1

高中英语课文详解及考点连接

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我还没来得及向她解释她就生气了。He asked a second question before I could answer the first question.我还没 来得及回答第一个问题,他又问了一个问题。 (2) 在 “It + be +时间段+ before 从句 ” 中,意为 “…… 之后 才……”。例如:The fire lasted about four hours before the firefighters could control it.大火持续了大约四个小 时,消防人员才得以控制住。(3)在“It+be+否定形式+long+before 从句”中,意为“……不久就……”。例 如:It was not long before he told me about it.不久他就告诉了我这件事情。(4)在特定的情景中,意为“趁 着……”。 例如: I must write it down before I forget it.趁着还没忘, 我把它记下来。 】 During that time the only

true friend was her diary. 译文: 在此期间, 她唯一真正的朋友就是她的日记。 She said, “I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend Kitty”. 译文:她说: “我不想像大多数人所做的那样,只是记流水账,而是我
想要我的日记成为我最好的朋友, 并且我把我的朋友叫作基蒂” 。 【注释: { = 1 \* GB3 ①set down 记下; (使) 放下, (使)坐下,制定,降落。例如:1)He was asked to set down the facts just as he remembered them. 他 被要求根据记忆把事实写下来。2)He set me down in a comfortable chair.他让我坐在一张舒适的椅子里。3) It is necessary to set down these additional rules.有必要制定这些补充规则。{ = 2 \* GB3 ②a series of 一系列 的。例如:The post office will issue a series of new stamps.邮局将要发行一套新邮票。{ = 3 \* GB3 ③as 引导 方式状语从句,表示“像…一样” 。例如:1)He smiled and I smiled back, as you do. 他微微一笑,我也报以 微笑,就这样而已。2)She is as tall as her mother.她和她母亲一样高。{ = 4 \* GB3 ④to be my friend 作 this diary itself 的补足语。 】Now read how she felt after being in the hiding place since July 1942.译文: 现在读读她从 1942 年 7 月以后躲藏起来的感受。

Thursday 15th June, 1944 Dear Kitty, I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.译文:我想知道是不是因为我好久没有能够到外面的缘故,以
至于我对一切与自然有关的东西变得如此疯狂地喜欢。 【注释:{ = 1 \* GB3 ①outdoors adv. 在户外,作状 语;而 outdoor 是 adj.户外的,露天的,作定语。例如:1) Children like to play outdoors.孩子们喜欢在户 外玩耍。2)He likes watching most outdoor games. 他喜欢观看大部分的室外运动项目。{ = 2 \* GB3 ② be/grow crazy about 对…疯狂地喜欢,对…着迷。例如:He is crazy about that girl.他迷上了那位女孩。{ = 3 \* GB3 ③to do with…:与…有关;处置,对待。例如:1)I am not involved in it; it has nothing to do with me. 我与这事没有牵连; 它与我无关。 2) What shall we do with the drunken sailor?我们怎么处置这个喝醉的水手?】

I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound.译文: 我非常清楚地记得有一段时期湛蓝的天空、 鸟
儿的鸣唱、 月光和鲜花从没能使我着迷。 【注释: { = 1 \* GB3 ①well “很, 相当” , 相当于 very,表示强调. 例 如:1)The visit had been planned well in advance.那次访问很早就计划好了。2)You may well be right.很可能 是你对. { = 2 \* GB3 ②there was a time when…:有那么一个时期…。 例如: There was a time when I wanted to play truant.有那么一个时期我想逃学。 { = 3 \* GB3 ③spellbound 译文:自从来到这,这一切都改变了。 adj. 入迷的; 出神的。 例如: The children were spellbound by the circus performance.孩子们被马戏表演迷住了。 】 That’s changed since I was here.

… For example, one evening when it was so warm, I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven in order to have a good look at the moon by myself. 译文:比如,一天晚上,非常暖和,为了
独自能亲眼好好看一眼月亮,我就故意到晚上 11 点半还醒着。 【注释:{ = 1 \* GB3 ①on purpose 故意地, 有目的地。如:I sometimes think that all his supposed mistakes are made on purpose just to annoy me.我有时认 为他犯的那些被信以为真的一切错误是故意为了气我。{ = 2 \* GB3 ②in order to…:为了…, 动词不定式作 目的状语, 该状语可以位于句首, 也可以位于句子后面, 但 so as to…引导的目的状语只能放在句子的后面, 即 so as to…不能位于句首。如:The test questions are kept secret so as to(in order to) prevent cheating. = In

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高中英语课文详解及考点连接

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order to prevent cheating, the test questions are kept secret. 考试题保密以防作弊。{ = 3 \* GB3 ③by myself 独 自。 如: I live by myself.我一个人生活。 】 But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn’t dare open

a window.译文:可是,随着月光越来越亮,我竟不敢打开窗户。 【注释: { = 1 \* GB3 ①as 连词,表示 “随
着” 。如:As she grew older, she kept more to herself.随着年龄的增长,她变得更沉默了。{ = 2 \* GB3 ②dare 用作情态动词时后面直接加动词,即 dare do;用作行为动词时后面要加 to,即 dare to do;不管是用作情态动词 还是行为动词 dare 都有词形变化, 即过去式为 dared do, dared to do,过去式的否定式为: didn’t dare do 或 didn’t dare to do;或 dared not do 和 dared not to do】 Another time five months ago, I happened to be upstairs

at dusk when the window was open. 译文:5 个月之前,又有一次,黄昏时分我碰巧在楼上,突然,窗
户开了。 【注释: { = 1 \* GB3 ①happen to…碰巧, 如: I happened to be out when Tom came to visit me yesterday. { = 2 \* GB3 ②at dusk 黄昏,如:The street lights come on at dusk and go off at dawn.路灯在黄昏时开, 拂晓 时关。{ = 3 \* GB3 ③ sb. happened to do sth. when ….某人碰巧在做某事的时候,突然…。 】I didn’t go

downstairs until the window had to be shut.译文: 直到窗户不得不关上, 我才下楼。 【注释: not… until…: 直到…才…, 如:you don't know what you can achieve until you try.尝试后才能知道自己能成就什么。 】 The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entirely in their power; 译文: 那黑暗, 那雨夜, 那夜风, 那闪亮轰鸣的云朵, 它们完全把我笼罩着。 it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face…译文:那是我一年半以来第一次面对面目睹那夜色。 【注释:it is the first
time that sb. has done sth.某人第一次做某事。如:It is the first time that I has come to Wenzhou.这是我第一次 到温州来。 注意:It was the first time that sb. had done sth.】

…Sadly … I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows. 译文:遗憾的是 …, 我只能通过悬挂在布满灰尘窗户上的肮脏的窗帘来观看大自然。 【注释:
hanging before very dusty windows 是现在分词作定语修饰前面的名词 curtains,该分词与所修饰的名词之间的 逻辑关系是主谓关系。如: (09 赣-34) The government plans to bring in new laws ____ parents to

take more responsibility for the education of their children. A. forced B. forcing C. to be forced D. having forced (09 浙-7) There is a great deal of evidence _____ that music activities engage different parts of the brain. A. indicate B. indicating C. to indicate D. to be indicating】 It’s no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.译文:再看这外面的大自然已经没有意义了,因为大自然只有经过亲身体验才有意义。
【注释: { = 1 \* GB3 ①looking through these any longer 是动名词短语作主语, 句首的 It 是形式主语;{ = 2 \* GB3 ②look through 意思为: { = 1 \* GB2 ⑴仔细检查 〔审查〕 (某物), 例如: I'll look your suggestion through before passing it to the committee.我要先审查一下你的建议然后再送交委员会。 { = 2 \* GB2 ⑵对(某人)视而不见, 例如: I said good morning but she looked me straight through and walked on. 我对她道了声早安, 可她却视而不见径直走了过去。 { = 3 \* GB2 ⑶穿过?看,例如:I looked through a telescope.我用望远镜看东西。 { = 4 \* GB2 ⑷看穿 〔识破〕 (某人或某事)= see through, 例如: I have looked through the man; he hasn't any real learning.我已看透那个人了, 他没有一点真才实学。 】

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高中英语课文详解及考点连接

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6.Your friend comes to school very upset. 【精提取】 upset 为形容词作伴随状语。 【巧应用】 小偷躲在角落里,担心被人捉住。 The thief hid himself in the corner,________ ________ ________ ________. 答案:afraid of being caught 【考题】They ________the meeting by shouting and throwing stones at the windows. A.attended B.held C.upset D.mixed 解析:选 C。句意:他们大喊大叫并不断向窗子扔石头打乱了会议。upset 打乱;attend 参 加;hold 举办,容纳;mix 混合。 7. She and her family hid away for nearly twenty?five months before they were discovered. 【精提取】 before conj.,意为“在??之前” ,常翻译为“不等??就” ,引导时间状语从句。 【巧应用】 我还没来得及与他说再见他就走了。 He left ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________. 答案:before I could say goodbye to him 8. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky,the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. 【精提取】 there was a time when a deep blue sky,...此处 when 引导的定语从句修饰 time。 【巧应用】 曾经有一段时间,不允许妇女上学。 ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ women were not allowed to go to school. 答案:There was a time when

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高中英语课文详解及考点连接

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必修一 Unit 2 I.Vocabulary
subway n. 地下人行道; (美)地铁 elevator petrol oficial voyage conquer native come up apartment actually base n. 电梯;升降机 n. 汽油 (=美 gasoline) adj. 官方的;正式的;公务的 n. 航行;航海 vt. 征服;占领

English around the World
fluent such as frequent usage command request dialect adj. 流利的;流畅的

fluently adv. 流利地;流畅地 例如……; 像这种的 adj. 频繁的;常见的 frequently adv. n. 使用;用法;词语惯用法 n. & vt. 命令;指令;掌握 n. & vt. 请求;要求 n. 方言 n. 词语;表示;表达 adj. 中西部的;有中西部特征的

because of 因为;由于 adj. 本国的;本地的 n. 本地人;本国人 走近; 上来; 提出 n. 公寓住宅;单元住在 adv. 实际上;事实上 n. 基部;基地;基础

have a good command of … 精通;掌握 at sb’s request 应某人邀请 expression midwestern eastern

vt. 以……为根据 现在;目前

be based on 以……为根据 at present gradual enrich adj. 逐渐的;逐步的 adv. 逐渐地;逐步地 使富裕;充实;改善 vt.

play a part (in) 扮演了一个角色; 参与 adj. 东方的;东部的 adj. 东南方的;来自东南的 adj. 西北方的;来自西北的 southeastern northwestern recognize lorry accent straight block cab

gradually

vt. 辨认出;承认;公认

vocabulary n. 词汇;词汇量;词表 make use of 利用;使用 take advantage of latter adj. 利用; 使用 spelling n. 拼写;拼法 较后的;后半的; (两着中)后者的 identity n. 本身;本体;身份

n. (美= truck)卡车 n. 口音;强调;重音 adv. 直接;挺直 adj. 直接的

lightning n. 闪电 n. 街区;块;木块;石块 n. 出租车

II. Reading The Road to Modern English th At the end of the 16 century, about five to seven million people spoke English.译文:在 16 世
纪末,大约有 500 万至 700 万人说英语。 【注释:at the end of …:在…末尾;at the end of the day 最终,到 头来;be at (have come to) the end 结束,完成;be at the end of 到了…的尽头;几至耗尽; all ends up 完全 地,彻底地;in the end 最后,终于;by the end of…:到…为止。 】 Nearly all of them lived in England. 译文:他们几乎都住在英格兰。 Later, in the next century, people from England made voyages to

conquer other parts of the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries.译文:后来,在随后的一个世纪里,来自英格兰的人航行征服其它地方,因此,在许多其它国家
开始说英语。 【注释:because of 意为“因为,由于” ,后跟名词、代词或动名词,在句中作状语;owing to 意为 “把成绩或功劳归功于…”,在句中作状语和表语, 如: He has made great progress in English owing to your tutorship.. 而 due to 则是指 “把失败或挫折归咎于…” , 在句中作状语和表语,如: Due to the extreme cold, we were unable to plant the trees.由于天气很冷, 所以我们无法去植树。 thanks to 意为“幸亏” ,只作状语,如: This is a great success,—— thanks to your help.】 Today, more people speak English as their first,

second or a foreign language than ever before.译文:如今,人们比以前更多地把英语当成第一、第二
或一门外语。 【注释:as 介词,意为:当作,作为。 】

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高中英语课文详解及考点连接

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Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. 译文:即使当地说英语的人说的不是同一种英语,他们也能彼此懂得。 【注释:{ = 1 \* GB3 ①
native speaker 说本族语的人,。native(常与 to 连用,指动植物)特产的,原产于; (也可以指品质)与生俱来的, 天赋的,天生的。如:1)Banana is native to Taiwan.香蕉是台湾的土特产。2) He has a great deal of native intelligence, ability, charm, etc. 他天生聪明、能力强、有魅力等。{ = 2 \* GB3 ②even if = even though 意为 “即使,尽管” ,引导让步状语从句。如:I wouldn't lose courage even if I should fail ten times. 即使要失败十 次, 我也绝不灰心。 {试题: { = 1 \* GB2 ⑴ Many of them turned a deaf ear to his advice, ____ be valuable. A. as if own. A. until B. now that C. even though D. as though}】 B. now that C. even though D. so that { = 2 \* GB2 ⑵ Allow children the space to voice their opinions, _____ they are different from your they knew it to

Look at this example: 译文:看这个例子: British Betty: Would you like to see my flat?译文: 英国的 Betty:你愿意来看我的公寓吗? 【注释:
Would you like to …:愿意,意欲】

American Amy: Yes. I’d like to come up to your apartment.译文:美国的 Amy: 好的,我很想来
看你的公寓。 【注释:{ = 1 \* GB3 ①come up:走近,上来,发芽,发生, (意见、观点)被提出, (太阳、 月亮)生起。如:1) He came up and introduced himself. 他走上前来作自我介绍。 2) I’ll let you know if anything comes up.如果发生什么事的话, 我会让你知道的。 注意: come up with 表示: 想出, 提出。 如: I came up with a proposal and it soon came up at the meeting. 我想提出一条建议,很快这条建议在会上被提出来了。 {试题:They thought about it for a long time, but still couldn’t ____ a solution. with C. get along with D. come out} A. come up B. come up { = 2 \* GB3 ②flat (英)公寓;apartment (美)公寓。{ = 3 \*

GB3 ③I’d like to …: 我愿意…; 我很想…。如:I’d like to help you with your English.】

So why has English changed over time? 译文:为什么英语会随时间而改变呢?【注释:over time 随着 时间的过去。 】Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other.译文:实际上,在文化碰撞和交流过程中,所有语言都会改变和发展。 【注释: { = 1 \* GB3
①meet with 偶然碰到,碰到;遭受,受到;和…会面。如:1)She met with an old friend at a dinner party. 她在一次宴会上偶然遇到一位老朋友。2)Again and again the test met with no success.这一试验一再遭到失。 3)He met with the Prime Minister of Japan for an hour. 他和日本首相会见了一个小时。{ = 2 \* GB3 ② communicate with…:与…联系,与…交流,与…沟通。如:I communicate with him regularly by letter.我与他 定期通信。 】 At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very

different from the English spoken today.译文:起初,在公元 450 年至公元 1150 年在英国所说的英语不
同于现在所说的英语。 【注释: { = 1 \* GB3 ①at first 起初, 开始。 { = 2 \* GB3 ②spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 是过去分词短语作定语,相当于定语从句 which was spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150. 注意:过去分词作定语表示该分词与所修饰的词之间的关系式被动关系。 { = 3 \* GB3 ③be different from…: 与…不同。 {考题:1. (09 全 I-35) Now that we’ve discussed our problem, are people happy with the decisions ___? A. take A. grown A. affect B. taking C. taken D. to take D. to grow D. were affected 2. (09 京-24) For breakfast he only drinks juice from fresh fruit ____ on his own farm. B. being grown B. affecting C. to be grown C. affected 3. (09 申-33) With the government’s aid, those ____ by the earthquake have moved to the new settlements. 4. (09 赣-22) ____ the right kind of training, these teenage soccer players may one day grow into international

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高中英语课文详解及考点连接 stars. A. Giving B. Having given C. To give D. Given D. to blow down 5. (08 湘-26) The trees ____ in the storm have been moved off the road. A. being blown down A. allowing A. finding B. blown down C. allowed C. to find C. blowing down D. allows D. found 6. (08 赣-28) We finished the run in less than half the time _____ . B. to allow B. being found —— No problem. A. seat A. lost A. add B. sit B. losing B. to add C. seated C. to lose C. adding D. sat D. have lost D. added 9. (07 湘-34) “Things ____ never come again!” I couldn’t help talking to myself. 10. (06 京-28) There have been several new events ____ to the program for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. 7. (08 浙-13) It is one of the funniest things _____ on the Internet so far this year. 8. (08 闽-33) —— Can those ____ at the back of the classroom hear me?

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11. (06 鲁-29) Five people won the “China’s Green Figure” award, a title _____ to ordinary people for their contributions to environmental protection. A. being given A. paying B. is given B. paid C. given C. to be paid D. was given D. being paid 12. (05 京-32) The prize of the game show is $ 30,000 and an all expenses ____ vacation to China.

答案 1-12: CACDB CDCAD CB}】 It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.译文:当时的英语更多地是以德语为基础,而我们今天所说的英语则不是。 【注释:
more… than …:与其说… 不如说….。如:He is more lazy than stupid.与其说他蠢笨,不如说他懒惰。 注 意: { = 1 \* GB2 ⑴more than + 名词, 表示 “不仅是, 不只是” , 相当于 not only; 如: Hibernation is more than sleep.冬眠不仅仅是睡觉。 { = 2 \* GB2 ⑵ more than + 数词, 表示 “超过, 多于” , 相当于 over; 如: There’re more than 50 students in our class. 在我们班有 50 多名学生。{ = 3 \* GB2 ⑶ more than + 形容词/副词,表 示“非常,十分” ,与“very”同义; 如:In class, she is more than attentive.在课堂上,她非常认真听课。 { = 4 \* GB2 ⑷ more than + that sb. can/could do oneself. 表示 “超出某人能力范围, 或超出了…范围” 。 如:The job is more than I can do myself 那工作超出了我的能力范围。 { = 5 \* GB2 ⑸ no more than 意为“只有、 仅仅”,相当于 only; 而 not more than 表示“至多,不超过” ,相当于 at most; a teacher to us; we look on him as our friend. more } 似于 according to. D. To be based } 出席…。 A. more than B. more or less {试题: Mr. Brown is ____ C. less than D. more and

{ = 2 \* GB3 ②be based on …:以…为基础。注意:可以用 based on 的独立结构形式作状语,类 On the base of…: 以…为基础。 {试题: ____ on this report, the English government decided A. Having based B. Basing C. Based { = 3 \* GB3 ③at present 目前,现在。 For the present 现在,目前。 Be present at …:

to ask Captain James Cook to go and look for this continent.

Present sth. to sb.把某物作为礼物送给某人。 】 Then gradually between about AD 800 and

1150, English became less like German because those who ruled England spoke first Danish and later French. 译文:然后,在公元 800 年至公元 1150 年期间,由于那些统治英格兰的人先说丹麦语,后来
又说法语, 这样英语就逐渐变得不像德语了。 【注释:{ = 1 \* GB3 ① become less like 变得不像。 { = 2 \* GB3 ②who ruled England 是由 who 引导的定语从句, who 为关系代词, 代指前面的先行词 those,用于指 “人” 。 { = 3 \* GB3 ③{辨析:rule, govern, control 都有“管理,支配,控制”之意,当 govern 和 rule 用作“统治, 控制”一个国家时,可以互换。但,{ = 1 \* GB2 ⑴rule 是正式的、庄重的的用语,常用贬义,比 govern 更专权地管理或统治,含有专制或独裁的意味。{ = 2 \* GB2 ⑵govern 指靠权力、专制或按宪法来系统地 管理、统治国家、城市、机构等,含有需要知识和判断力来治理和管理的意味。{ = 3 \* GB2 ⑶control 指

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高中英语课文详解及考点连接

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人对事物的一般控制与约束, 含有强制使其服从的意味。 {试题: 1) Alexamder the Great _______ (over) a large empire. 2) She couldn’t __________ herself that moment. 答案:1) ruled; 2) control} }】

These new

settlers enriched the English language and especially its vocabulary.译文:这些新定居者丰富了英语
语言,尤其是在词汇方面。 【注释:{ = 1 \* GB3 ①enrich 是 en + rich 构成的派生词,意为“使丰富” ,其 结构式为“en + 形容词” 。 { = 2 \* GB3 ②especially 表示递进关系,意为“尤其是” ,而 specially 则表示 目的,意为“专门地,特殊地” 。 试题:1)he despised them all, _______ Sylvester.他瞧不起他们所有的人, 尤其是西尔维斯特。2) I came here ___________ to see you. 我特地到这里来就是为了看你。答案: 1) especially; 2) specially。 】 So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary

than ever before. 译文:所以,到了十七世纪莎士比亚比以前能使用更为宽泛词汇。 【注释:make use of…
利用,使用; make full use of…充分利用;make good use of…好好利用;make little use of …不充分利用; take full advantage of…充分利用。例如:1) We should consider what use can be made of such a material. my opinion, the old shopping bag can still be made use of. D. of to help the past. A. cost use ____ the people who suffered a lot in this terrible earthquake. B. value C. use A. of helping B. to help 2) In 试题: 1) The money collected should be made good C. to helping

2) The manager of the company told us that very little ____ was made of the waste material in D. matter】 In 1620 some British settlers moved to America.
th

译文:在 1620 年,一些英国移民移到美国。 Later in the 18 century some British people were taken

to Australia too.译文:后来,在 18 世纪一些英国人也被带到澳大利亚。 【注释: sb. is taken to sp.某人被
带到某处。 】 English began to be spoken in both countries.译文:在这两个国家开始说英语。

Finally by the 19th century the language was settled.译文:最终,到 19 世纪这种语言稳定下来。
【注释: settled adj. 不变的,不大可能改变的,稳定的. 例如: Once we get settled, we must ask the neighbours in for coffee.我们一安顿下来,就一定请邻居来家里喝咖啡。 】 At that time two big changes in English

spelling happened: first Samuel Johnson wrote his dictionary and later Noah Webster wrote The American Dictionary of the English Language.译文: 当时, 英语拼写出现两大变化: 首先 Samuel Johnson 写了一部词典,后来 Noah Webster 写了美国英语词典。 【注释:at that time 当时,在那时】 The latter gave a separate identity to American English spelling.译文:后者对美国英语拼写给予单独特性。 【注释:the
latter 后者;与其意思对应的是 the former“前者” ; latter 迟的,晚到的;later 你最近见到过他吗? adj. 后者的,后半的,接近终了的; late adj. adv 较晚地; lately adv. 近来,最近,不久前。例如:1)Have you seen him lately? 2)We later learnt that this wasn't true at all.我们后来了解到根本不是这么回事。 】

English now is also spoken as a foreign or second language in South Asia.译文:现在在南亚,
英语也作为一门外语或第二语言。 For example, India has a very large number of fluent English

speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947.译文:例如,由于英国从 1765 年至 1947 年统
治印度,所以印度拥有大量的能流利说英语的人。 【注释:{ = 1 \* GB3 ①a large number of …许多,大量 的。 注意以下短语后跟的名词不同: (1) a large/ great/ good number of a great/ good many a good few quite a few (3) a lot/ lots of a great/ large quantity of large quantities of plenty of C. keeps + 可数名词复数 或不可数名词 n.[u,c] D. were keeping 】 + 可数名词 n.[c] (2) a great/ good deal of a great/ large amount of quite a little the number of + n.[c] (4) an amount of + n.[u] a quantity of + n. [c,u] amounts of + n.[u] quantities of + n.[u,c] 后跟单数式谓语动词 后跟非单数式谓语动词 A. was keeping B. keep + 不可数名词 n.[u]

试题: As you can see, the number of cars on our roads ____ rising these days.

During that time English became the language for government and education. 译文:在此期间,英语成为用于政府和教育的语言。English is also
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高中英语课文详解及考点连接

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spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as South Africa. 译文:在新加
坡、马来西亚以及非洲一些国家如南非也说英语。 【注释:such as 用来列举出前文所讲的同类人或事 物的部分内容, 意为 “例如, 比如” 。 如: We dislike people such as him.我们不喜欢像他这号人。 】 Today

the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly.译文:如今,中国学英语
的人数在快速增长。 【注释:the number of …作主语时,其后的谓语动词使用三单式形式】 In fact,

China may have the largest number of English learners. 译文:事实上,中国可能拥有学英语的 人数最多。 【注释:in fact 事实上。 】 Will Chinese English develop its own identity? Only time will tell.译文:中国英语会形成自己的特色吗?只有时间才能告诉我们。

7.Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English.
【精提取】 even if 或 even though 意为“即使,尽管”,引导让步状语从句。 【巧应用】 即使我得一路走着去,我也要走到那里。 ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ all the way,I’ll get there. 答案:Even if I have to walk 8. It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. 【精提取】 more...than...与其说……倒不如说…… 【巧应用】 造成她不愉快的原因,与其说是他所说的话,倒不如说是他的说话方式。 It was ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________what he said that made her unhappy. 答案:more the way he said it than 9. However,on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way people speak. 【精提取】 the way+定语从句,定语从句的引导词在从句中作状语时,可用 that,in which,也可以省略。 【巧应用】 我不喜欢你嘲笑她的那种方式。 I don’t like ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ . 答案:the way in which you laughed at her

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高中英语课文详解及考点连接

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必修一
I. Vocabulary journal transport prefer

Unit 3
n. 日记,杂志,定期刊物
n. 运送;运输 vt. 运输;

Travel Journal
detail source n. 细节;详情 n. 来源;水源 delta attitude boil parcel insurance wool as usual reliable n. 三角洲 n. 态度;看法 n. 珠穆朗玛峰 vi. (指液体)沸腾;(水)开 n. & vt. 预测;预报 n. 小包;包裹 n. 保险 照常 adj. 可信赖的;可靠的 vt. 观看;注视;考虑 yak n. 牦牛 n. 午夜;子夜 pillow n. 枕头;枕垫 midnight flame beneath temple cave organize at midnight 在午夜 n. 火焰;光芒;热情 prep. 在……下面 n. 庙宇;寺庙 n. 洞穴;地窖 vt. 组织;成立 n. 羊毛;毛织品

vt. 更喜欢;选择某事物 (而不选其他事物)

determine vt. 决定;下定决心 be determined to do sth.
下决心做某事

Qomalangma forecast

disadvantage fare flow

n. 不利条件;不便之处

n. 费用

change one’s mind 改变主意 journey
n. 流动;流量

route n. 路线;路途
vi. 流动;流出

n. 旅行;旅程 n. 海拔高度;高处 投降;让步;屈服

altitude give in atlas glacier rapids valley waterfall pace

ever since persuade cycle graduate finally schedule fond

从那以后 vt. 说服;劝说

make up one’s mind 下决心;决定 n. 地图;地图集 n. 冰河;冰川 n. 急流 n. (山)谷;流域 n. 瀑布 n. 一步;速度;步调 vi.缓慢而行;踱步 bend n.弯;拐角 vt.使弯曲 meander 缓慢流动 vi.弯身;弯腰 n. (指河流)蜿蜒

vi. 骑自行车
vi. 毕业 n. 大学毕业生

view n. 风景;视野;观点;见解

adv.

最后;终于

n. 时间表;进度表 vt.为…安排时间

adj. 喜爱的;慈爱的;宠爱的

be fond of 喜爱;喜欢 shortcoming stubborn care about n. 缺点 adj. 顽固的;固执的 关心;忧虑;惦念

care for 照顾;照料

II. Reading
PART I

JOURNEY DOWN THE MEKONG
THE DREAM AND THE PLAN 梦想和计划

My name is Wang Kun.译文:我叫王昆。 Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip.译文:自从上中学后,我和姐姐王伟一直梦想进行一次长
途自行车旅行。 【注释:{ = 1 \* GB3 ①ever since“从那时起,自那以后” ,往往与现在完成时连用。{ = 2 \* GB3 ② dream about 梦见, 梦到, 梦想, 向往。 如: 1) She dreamed about a handsome young prince coming to rescue her from her misery.她梦见一个年轻英俊的王子走来把她从苦难中救出。 2) He got the first place this time, but he never dreamed about it.这回他得了第一名, 但他做梦也没想到。 3) Many people dream about living on an island in the South Seas.许多人向往在南海的一个岛上生活。{ = 3 \* GB3 ③dream of 梦见;渴 望,梦想。如: 1) I often dreamed of my younger brother soon after I left home. 刚离开家时, 我常梦见弟弟。 2)He has dreamed of a trip to Beijing.他曾做梦到北京旅行。3) I never dreamed of such a thing.我从没梦想过 这样的事情。 4) I've long dreamed of paying a visit to the Great Wall.我一直渴望游览长城。 特殊结构: { = 1 \* GB2 ⑴ I would not / never dream of…我做梦也想不到…; 未想过… { = 2 \* GB2 ⑵ realize one’s

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高中英语课文详解及考点连接

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dream = one’s dream comes true.实现梦想。如: She realized her dream of becoming a good model. 她实现了做 一名优秀模特的梦想。 】 Two years ago she bought an expensive mountain bike and then she

persuaded me to buy one.译文:两年前,她买了一辆昂贵的山地车,然后也劝我买了一辆。 【注释:{ = 1
\* GB3 ①persuade sb. to do sth.(= persuade sb. into doing sth.)说服某人做某事;劝服某人做某事。如: It wasn't easy, but I persuaded him to do the right thing. 虽然不容易,但是我还是说服了他去做正确的事。 persuade sb. of sth.= persuade sb. that …使某人相信某事。 如: How can I persuade you of my sincerity?我如何 能够让你相信我的诚意呢? Try to persuade sb. to do sth. = advise sb. to do sth.尽力说服某人做某事。如: 辨析:persuade He tried to persuaded me to give up smoking, but in vain.他尽力劝服我戒烟,但是没有用。

强调结果, 指 “劝说” 并使之 “听从” ; advise 着重动作, 指 “劝说” 但不一定说服成功, 相当于 try to persuade.】

Last year, she visited our cousins, Da Wei and Yu Hang at their college in Kunming. 译文:去年, 她看望了在昆明大学里的老表——大卫和于杭。 They are Dai and grew up in western Yunnan Province near the Lancang River,the Chinese part of the river that is called the Mekong River in other countries.译文:他们是傣族人,成长于云南西部的澜沧江之畔,该河在中国境内叫作澜沧江,而在其他国
家境内则叫作湄公河。 【注释:grow up 长大,向上生长 eg. 1) Tom wants to be a coach when he grows up. 汤姆长大后想当教练。 2) All plants like to grow up toward the sunlight.所有的植物都喜欢朝着阳光向上长。 】

Wang Wei soon got them interested in cycling too. 译文:王伟也很快让他们对长途自行车旅行感兴趣
了。 【注释: get sb. interested in…使某人对…感兴趣。 interest in …对…感兴趣. are music and paintings.他生平两大爱好是音乐和绘画。 believe in 信任; you?我不相信有鬼, 你呢? success in …的成功 eg. His two interests in life

eg.

I don't believe in ghosts, do

eg. The president had some success in restoring confidence.

总统在恢复信心上获得了一些成功。 】 After graduating from college, we finally got the chance to take

a bike trip. 译文:大学毕业后,我们终于有机会进行自行车旅行。 【注释:{ = 1 \* GB3 ① graduate from
从 … 毕业 ; 进步 , 进展 eg. 1) He graduated from Taipei University. 他毕业于台北大学。 2) He was graduated from a normal college. 他是一个师范学院的毕业生。 3) Our son has just graduated from a tricycle to a proper bicycle.我们的儿子刚刚从骑三轮车过渡到骑普通自行车了。 { = 2 \* GB3 ② to take a bike trip 是

I asked my sister, “Where are we going ?” 译文: 我问姐姐: “我们要去哪里?” It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. 译文:正是姐姐首先拿定主意,要沿着整个湄公河从源头
动词不定式作定语,修饰限制前面的名词 chance.】 骑到入河口。 【注释: It is/was sb. who/that does sth. 这是个强调句,被强调的是人,可译为“正是某人做某 事” ; eg. It was Thomson who helped you with your English. 正是汤姆逊帮你学英语。句型 It is/ was sth. 强调句考查试题: D.when —By looking into it. D.Was it what that C.How was it that that …..则强调的是事物(包括时间、地点等) eg. It is in spring that all kinds of flowers begin to blossom out beautifully.正是在春天,各种花开始怒放。 1.(2008 年高考全国卷Ⅱ) A.that B.how C.which It was in New Zealand ________ Elizabeth first met Mr.Smith.

2. —________you found out the accident which happened a month ago? A.It was where that A. how A. that A. that B. which B. when B. there B.Was it how that C. that C. while C. which

3. (津 2008) It was along the Mississippi River ____ Mark Twain spent much of his childhood. D. where D. as —— It was on the farm ___ we worked. Keys: ACCAD】 D. where 4. (渝 2008) It was not until midnight ____ they reached the camp site. *5.(鲁 2007) —— Where did you get to kow her?

Now she is planning our schedule for the trip.译文:现在她正在制定旅行计划。 I am fond of my sister but she has one serious shortcoming.译文:我喜欢姐姐,但她有一个严重 的缺点。 【注释: be fond of …喜爱; 爱好 eg. I'm fond of pop music.我喜欢流行音乐。 】 She can be really
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高中英语课文详解及考点连接

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stubborn.译文: 她可能真的很顽固。 【注释: { = 1 \* GB3 ①stubborn 顽固的, 固执的 eg. 1) He is a stubborn
child.他是个固执的孩子。 2) you're a silly, stubborn old woman.你是个愚蠢、 顽固的老婆子。 { = 2 \* GB3 ② (as) stubborn as a mule 非常顽固的, 倔如驴的】 Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to

places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly.译文:尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线不太清
楚,但她却坚持要把这次旅行组织的尽善尽美。 【注释:insist + that-clause; { = 1 \* GB3 ①insist + that-clause insist on 与 stick to 区别 坚决宣称,坚持说(后跟陈述语气,表述的是一种观点) eg. She insisted that she (should) leave at once. She insisted on leaving at once.她坚持立刻就走。 ) eg. 1) The chairman insisted that all was not doom and gloom.主席坚持说不是所有的事情都是消极和注定 失败的。 2) I insisted that they should wait for our return.我坚决要求他们等我们回来。 { = 2 \* GB3 ②insist on 后面常跟表示观点 view、 意见 opinion、 看法 viewpoint、 要求 demand 等主观概念。 eg. He insisted on his demand.他坚持他的要求。 stick to 后面常跟表示原则 principle、承诺 promise、决定 You must stick to your promise.你必须遵守诺言。 D. in finding D. had been sent Keys: CB 】 decision、计划 plan 等客观概念。 eg. A. find A. was sent B. to find B. be sent

坚持认为,坚决要求(后跟虚拟语气,表述的是一种行为, 这种结构可转化为 insist on doing sth.

试题:1) The man insisted ____ a taxi for me even though I told him I lived nearby. C. on finding C. will be sent 2) Seeing that he was so seriously ill, I insisted that he ____ to hospital at once.

Now I know that the proper way is always her way.译文:现在我明白了尽善尽美的总是她的方法。 I kept asking her, “When are we leaving and when are we coming back?”译文:我不停地问她: “我们
何时离开、 何时回来?” 【注释: keep doing sth.不停地做某事。 eg. The machine kept running.机器一直运转。 】

I asked her whether she had looked at a map yet. 译文: 我问她是否已经看过地图? 【注释: whether she
had looked at a map yet 用的是过去完成时。过去完成时表示在过去的某个时间或动作之前已经发生或存在 的状态, 即必须有一个过去的时间或动作作参照。 本句的 asked 是过去的参照动作, look at a map 发生在 asked 之前,所以宾语从句要用过去完成时形式(即 had looked). A. had done A. has done B. did C. would do 有关过去完成时考查试题: 1. (京 2010-28) It took me a long time before I was able to fully appreciate what they ___ for me. D. were doing D will do 2. (湘 2010-27) I was just going to cut my rose bushes but someone ____ it. Was it you? B. had done C. would do 3. (皖 2010-28) —— Were you surprised by the ending of the film? —— No, I ____ the book, so I already knew the story. A. was reading A. take B. had read C. took C. am reading D. have taken D. have read 4. (陕 2010-15) If we ____ the other road, we might have arrived here in time for the meeting. B. had taken 5. (苏 2010-30) —— Peter, where did you guys go for the summer vacation? —— We _____ busy with our work for months, so we went to the beach to relax ourselves. A. were B. have been C. had been D. will be Keys: ABBBC 】 eg. 1) I really care about the students

Of course she hadn’t; my sister doesn’t care about details.译文:当然,她没有看过,我姐姐不关心细
节。 【注释: { = 1 \* GB3 ①care about 喜欢, 担心, 在乎; 对…感兴趣 in my class.我的确喜欢这个班上的学生。 2) I don't care much about music.我对音乐不很感兴趣。 3) The young people should care about the old.年轻人应该关心老人。 { = 2 \* GB3 ② care for 照顾, 照料; 尊重 eg. 1) The mother cared for the sick child day and night.母亲日夜照料着生病的孩子。 2) I do care for what he says. 我对他的话的确很尊重。 { = 3 \* GB3 ③ care to do sth.愿意做某事 eg. I don’t care to go to the party. 我不太想去参加聚会。 】 So I told her that the source of the Mekong is in Qinghai Province.译文:所

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高中英语课文详解及考点连接

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以我告诉她湄公河的源头在青海省。 She gave me a determined look — the kind that said she

would not change her mind.译文:她向我投一坚定的目光——那眼神表明她不会改变主意。 【注释:{ =
1 \* GB3 ① determined 坚定的,坚决的,决意的; be determined to do sth.决心做某事 eg. As he was not reconciled to his defeat, he was determined to try again in the next contest.他不甘心这次失败,决心在下次比赛 中再作努力。 { = 2 \* GB3 ② change one’s mind 改变主意; make up one’s mind 某人下定决心; have no/ a mind to do 无/有意做,心里(不)想做; read one’s mind 看出某人的心事; speak one’s mind 直言不讳; be in/of two minds 拿不定主意; give one’s mind to …注意; keep one’s mind on 专心于; take sb’s mind off sth. 转移某人的注意力; bear/ keep sth. in mind 记住某事; bring/ call sth. to mind 回忆某事; put sb. in mind of sth.使某人想起某事 意。 eg. 1) Maybe you’ll think it over and change your mind.也许你愿意好好想想,会改变主 2) I have no mind to do as you tell me.我无意照你吩咐的去做。 】 When I told her that our journey

would begin at an altitude of more than 5,000 metres, she seemed to be excited about it. 译文:当
我告诉她旅行将会从 5,000 多米的海拔开始时,她似乎对此感到很激动。 【注释:{ = 1 \* GB3 ① at an altitude of…在…海拔。{ = 2 \* GB3 ②be excited about 对…感到激动】When I told her the air would be

hard to breathe and it would be very cold, she said it would be an interesting experience.译文:当
我告诉她空气稀薄很难呼吸并且很冷时,她却说这将是一次有趣的经历。 【注释:句型 sth. is + adj. (for sb.) to do 中的 to do 与主语 sth.,在逻辑上是动宾关系, 所以不可再在 to do 后面加 it/them 作宾语; 此句型可以转 化为:it is + adj. (for sb.) to do sth.常用于此类结构的形容词有:light, heavy, difficult, easy, comfortable, interesting, bitter, fit 等主要用来描述主语或宾语的性质。另外,句型 it is + adj. (of sb.) to do sth.中的形容词 多为 kind, nice, clever, stupid, wise 等, 主要用来描写人的行为品质, 该动词不定式的逻辑主语则有 of 引出。 Eg. 1) Today’s homework is very hard for me to finish.今天的作业我很难完成。 2) It was wise of you to do that. 你那样做很聪明。 考题: (全 2008) I like getting up very early in summer. The morning air is so good ____. A. to be breathed B. to breathe C. breathing D. being breathed】 I know my sister well.译文:我非 常了解姐姐。Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it.译文:一旦她作出决定,什么也 改变不了。 【注释:{ = 1 \* GB3 ①once 在此处为从属连词,引导时间状语从句,意为“一旦…就…” 。如: Once you begin, you must continue.一旦开了头, 你就应当继续下去。 { = 2 \* GB3 ②mike up one’s mind (to do sth.)下决心… eg. We have made up our minds to keep out of their quarrel.我们已经下定决心不理会他 eg. 1) As neither management nor 2) I can't 们之间的争吵。 】 Finally, I had to give in.译文:最后,我不得不让步。 【注释:give in (指政治立场的改 变)屈服,让步,投降;give up(指遇到困难或挫折)放弃,认输, 猜不出 answer that puzzle; I give up.我猜不出这个谜语, 我认输了。 】 labour would give in, the union organized a strike.由于劳资双方互不让步, 工会组织了一次罢工。

Several months before our trip, Wang Wei and I went to the library.译文:在旅行前的几个月, 我和王伟常到图书馆去。 We found a large atlas with good maps that showed details of world geography.译文:我们找到了一个大地图集,所配的地图显示出地貌详情。 【注释:that showed details of world geography 是定语从句,修饰限制前面的先行词 maps.】 From the atlas we could see that the Mekong River begins in a glacier on a Tibetan mountain. 译文:根据这份地图集,我们明白了湄公河
发源于西藏山脉上的一条冰河。At first the river is small and the water is clear and cold.译文:起初, 河流狭小, 河水清澈冰凉。 【注释: at first 起初, 开始, 首先 eg. At first, he was against our arrangement, but I managed to argue him round.起初, 他反对我们的安排, 但我设法使他改变了看法。 】 Then it begins to

move quickly.译文: 然后, 水势加快。 It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, travelling across western Yunnan Provice.译文:流过峡谷穿越滇西时,水流湍急, 【注释: pass through 经过, 通过;
经历,遭受;经历并完成 艰难时期。 eg. 1) A diameter passes through the center of a circle.直径从圆心穿过。 2) John passed through a difficult period shortly after his marriage broke down. 婚姻破裂不久, 约翰经历了一段短暂的 3) He passed through a university course in Houston. 他在休斯敦修完了一门大学课程。 】

Sometimes the river becomes a waterfall and enters wide valleys.译文:有时河流变成瀑布,流入宽阔
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高中英语课文详解及考点连接

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的河谷。 We were both surprised to learn that half of the river is in China.译文: 当得知该河的一半流 经中国时,我俩都感到吃惊。 After it leaves China and high altitude, the Mekong becomes wide,

brown and warm.译文: 当她从中国和高原流过后, 湄公河就变得宽阔, 水色棕黄, 河水温暖。 As it enters Southeast Asia, its pace slows.译文:流入东南亚之后,水流就变得舒缓。 It makes wide bends or meanders throgh low valleys to the plains where rice grows.译文:蜿蜒曲折,流过低谷,进入平原,
这里阡陌纵横。 【注释: { = 1 \* GB3 ① bend 弯曲处, (公路、 河流或小路) 转弯, 折向; 急转弯 road bent left and then right.这条路先往左拐再往右拐。 绕过迪蒂斯汉姆。 { = 2 \* GB3 ② meander (指溪流、河流等)蜿蜒而流 eg. eg. 1) The 2) The river slowly bends around Dittisham.河水缓缓 A stream meandered towards

the sea.一条小河蜿蜒地流向大海。 { = 3 \* GB3 ③where rice grows 是定语从句,修饰限制前面的先行词 plains.】 At last, the rive delta enters the South China Sea.译文:该河三角洲流入南中国海。

重点句型: 1.Once she has made up her mind,nothing can change it. 【精提取】 once 在此处为从属连词,引导时间状语从句,意为“一旦……就……”。 【巧应用】 一旦你许下诺言,就得遵守诺言。 ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ,you should keep it. 答案:Once you have made your promise 2.A determined person always tries to finish the job,no matter how hard it is. 【精提取】 no matter...是连词词组,作“不管;无论”解,同 what,who,when,how 等词 连用,引导表示让步的状语从句。 【巧应用】 不管发生什么事,不要泄气。 ________ ________ ________ ________,please don’t be discouraged. 答案:No matter what happens 3.To climb the mountains was hard work but as we looked around us,we were surprised by the view. 【精提取】 To climb the mountains 为不定式短语作主语,谓语动词用单数,也可以用形式主语 it。 【巧应用】 学习一门外语对你今后的工作是很重要的。 ________ ________ ________ ________ ________is important for your future work. 答案:To learn a foreign language 4.We can hardly wait to see them! 【精提取】 can hardly wait to do sth./for sth.或 cannot wait to do sth./for sth.是固定句式,意 为“迫不及待地要做某事,急切地做某事”。 【巧应用】 经过这次漫长而又疲惫的旅行,玛丽迫不及待地想回到家。 ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ after such a long and tiring journey. 答案:Mary couldn’t wait to get home 5.When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold,she said it would be an interesting experience. 【精提取】 the air would be hard to breathe 是“主语+be+adj.+不定式”结构,其中 the air 是 breathe 的逻辑宾语。 【巧应用】 英语难以短时间内学好。 English________ ________ ________ ________ ________ in a short time. 答案:is difficult to learn well 【词义辨析】 persuade,advise
(1)persuade 强调说服,劝服的结果。 如果“劝说”不服,不能直接用 persuade,而应用 try to persuade 或

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高中英语课文详解及考点连接 advise,或者用 persuade 的否定式。eg. Jack tried to persuade Tom to go,but failed at last.杰克试图说服汤姆去,但最终失败了。 (2)advise sb.to do sth.“建议或劝说某人去做某事”,强调提出建议但对方不一定接受。 He advised me to go with him,but I wouldn’t.他建议我跟他一块去,但我不愿意。 【考题检测】 1. We trust you;only you can________him to give up smoking. A.suggest B.attract C.advise D.persuade

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2. —Have you________him to give up the job? A.persuaded B.suggested C.agreed

—Yes,I have.But he doesn’t listen to me. D.advised [DD]。

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